Exploring the Design Space for Situated Glyphs to Support Dynamic Work Environments

  • Fahim Kawsar
  • Jo Vermeulen
  • Kevin Smith
  • Kris Luyten
  • Gerd Kortuem
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6696)


This note offers a reflection on the design space for a situated glyph - a single, adaptive and multivariate graphical unit that provides in-situ task information in demanding work environments. Rather than presenting a concrete solution, our objective is to map out the broad design space to foster further exploration. The analysis of this design space in the context of dynamic work environments covers i) information affinity - the type of information can be presented with situated glyphs, ii) representation density - the medium and fidelity of information presentation, iii) spatial distribution - distribution granularity and placement alternatives for situated glyphs, and finally iv) temporal distribution - the timing of information provision through glyphs. Our analysis has uncovered new problem spaces that are still unexplored and could motivate further work in the field.


Design Space Activity Type Information Type Indexical Sign Representation Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Heyer, C.: Investigations of Ubicomp in the Oil and Gas Industry. In: Proc. of Ubicomp 2010, pp. 61–64 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bardram, J.E.: A novel approach for creating activity-aware applications in a hospital environment. In: Gross, T., Gulliksen, J., Kotzé, P., Oestreicher, L., Palanque, P., Prates, R.O., Winckler, M. (eds.) INTERACT 2009. LNCS, vol. 5727, pp. 731–744. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bardram, J.E., Hansen, T.R., Mogensen, M., Søgaard, M.: Experiences from real-world deployment of context-aware technologies in a hospital environment. In: Dourish, P., Friday, A. (eds.) UbiComp 2006. LNCS, vol. 4206, pp. 369–386. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ogden, C., Richards, I.: The Meaning of Meaning. Routledge and Kegan, London, England (1923)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chernoff, H.: The Use of Faces to Represent Points in k- Dimensional Space Geographically. Journal of the American Statistical Association 68, 361–368 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jafarinaimi, N., Forlizzi, J., Hurst, A., Zimmerman, J.: Breakway: An ambient display designed to change human behavior. In: Proc. of CHI 2005 (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bellotti, V., Edwards, K.: Intelligibility and accountability: human considerations in context-aware systems. Hum.-Comput. Interact. 16(2), 193–212 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eppler, M.J., Mengis, J.: The concept of information overload: A review of literature from organization science, accounting, marketing, mis, and related disciplines. The Information Society 20, 325–344 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Müller, J., Wilmsmann, D., Exeler, J., Buzeck, M., Schmidt, A., Jay, T., Krüger, A.: Display blindness: The effect of expectations on attention towards digital signage. In: Tokuda, H., Beigl, M., Friday, A., Brush, A.J.B., Tobe, Y. (eds.) Pervasive 2009. LNCS, vol. 5538, pp. 1–8. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hallnas, L., Redstrom, J.: Slow technology - designing for reflection. Personal and Ubiqutious Computing 5(3) (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pousman, Z., Stasko, J. : A taxonomy of ambient information systems: four patterns of design. In: Proc. of AVI 2006 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pederson, T.: From Conceptual Links to Causal Relations Physical-Virtual Artefacts in Mixed-Reality Space. PhD Thesis, Dept. of Computing Science, Ume University, ISBN 91-7305-556-5Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Suchman, L.A.: Plans and Situated Actions: the problem of human machine communication. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1987)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mann, T.: Visualization of WWW-Search Results. In. Proc. of DEXA Workshop (1999)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ware, C.: Information Visualization Perception for Design. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Francisco (2000)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chuah, M., Eick, S.G.: Information rich glyphs for software management. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 2-7 (July-August 1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fahim Kawsar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jo Vermeulen
    • 3
  • Kevin Smith
    • 1
  • Kris Luyten
    • 3
  • Gerd Kortuem
    • 1
  1. 1.Lancaster UniversityUK
  2. 2.Bell LabsBelgium
  3. 3.Hasselt UniversityBelgium

Personalised recommendations