Sense of Presence in a Robotic Telepresence Domain
Robotic telepresence offers a means to connect to a remote location via traditional telepresence with the added value of moving and actuating in that location. Recently, there has been a growing focus on the use of robotic telepresence to enhance social interaction among elderly. However for such technology to be accepted it is likely that the experienced presence when using such a system will be important. In this paper, we present results obtained from a training session with a robotic telepresence system when used for the first time by healthcare personnel. The study was quantitative and based on two standard questionnaires used for presence namely, the Temple Presence Inventory (TPI) and the Networked Minds Social Presence Intentory. The study showed that overall the sense of social richness as perceived by the users was high. The users also had a realistic feeling regarding their spatial presence.
Keywordselderly human-robot interaction social richness spatial presence user-evaluation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Statistics Sweden, Demographic reports 2009:1, The future population of Sweden 2009–2060 (2009), http://www.scb.se/statistik/_publikationer/BE0401_2009I60_BR_BE51BR0901.pdf
- 3.Lawton, M.: The Elderly in Context: Perspectives from Environmental Psychology and Gerontology. J. Environ. Psych. 17, 501–519 (1985)Google Scholar
- 4.Sheridan, T.B.: Telerobotics, automation, and human supervisory control. MIT Press, Cambridge (1992)Google Scholar
- 5.Paulos, J.E.: Personal Tele-Embodiment, PhD Thesis, University of California at Berkeley, California, USA (Fall (2001)Google Scholar
- 6.Paulos, E., Canny, J.: Designing Personal Tele-embodiment. In: 1998 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, pp. 3173–3178. IEEE Press, Leuven (1998)Google Scholar
- 7.Lee, M.K., Takayama, L.: ”Now, I have a body”: Uses and social norms for mobile remote presence in the workplace. To appear in Proc. CHI (2011)Google Scholar
- 8.Adalgeirsson, S.O., Breazeal, C.: MeBot: A robotic platform for socially embodied telepresence. In: 5th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, pp. 15–22. ACM, New York (2010)Google Scholar
- 9.Lombard, M., Ditton, T.: A Literature-based Presence Measurement Instrument The Temple Presence Inventory (TPI) (BETA). Technical Report, M.I.N.D. labs, Temple Uni-versity, Pennsylvania, USA, (2004), http://astro.temple.edu/~lombard/research/P2scales_11-04.doc
- 10.Biocca, F., Harms, C.: Networked Minds Social Presence Inventory. Technical Report, M.I.N.D. labs, Michigan State University, Michigan, USA (2002), http://cogprints.org/6742/1/2002_netminds_scales.pdf