Advertisement

Effects of Different Visual Feedback Forms on Eye Cursor’s Stabilities

  • Xinyong Zhang
  • Wenxin Feng
  • Hongbin Zha
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6775)

Abstract

In this paper, we present an attention task experiment that investigated the effects of different visual feedback forms on the eye cursor’s stability to find out the well-formed visual feedback. The different feedback forms were designed for dwell time, the eye cursor, and the center of the target (marked as a focus area). Our experimental findings can provide useful implications for the design of eye-controlled interfaces.

Keywords

Gaze input visual feedback eye cursor stability 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Dickie, C., Hart, J., Vertegaal, R., Eiser, A.: LookPoint: an evaluation of eye input for hands-free switching of input devices between multiple computers. In: OZCHI 2006, Sydney, Australia, pp. 119–126. ACM Press, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Drewes, H., Luca, A.D., Schmidt, A.: Eye-gaze interaction for mobile phones. In: Mobility Conference 2007, Singapore, pp. 364–371. ACM Press, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Feng, C., Shen, M., Chen, S., Su, H.: Effects of target border and eye cursor on human performance in eye-based interactions (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Applied Psychology 10(1), 9–12 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fono, D., Vertegaal, R.: Eyewindows: Evaluation of eye-controlled zooming windows for focus selection. In: CHI 2005, Portland, Oregon, USA, pp. 151–160. ACM Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hatfield, F., Jenkins, E.A., Jennings, M.W., Calhoun, G.: Principles and guidelines for the design of eye/voice interaction dialogs. In: The IEEE 3rd Symposium on Human Interaction with Complex Systems (HICS 1996), Dayton, USA, pp. 10–19. IEEE Press, Los Alamitos (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hansen, J.P., Johansen, A.S., Hansen, D.W., Itoh, K., Mashino, S.: Command without a click: dwell time typing by mouse and gaze selections. In: INTERACT 2003, Zurich, Switzerland, pp. 121–128. IOS Press, Amsterdam (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hansen, J.P., Tørning, K., Johansen, A.S., Itoh, K., Aoki, H.: Gaze typing compared with input by head and hand. In: ETRA 2004, San Antonio, Texas, USA, pp. 131–138. ACM Press, New York (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Haffegee, A., Barrow, R.: Eye tracking and gaze based interaction within immersive virtual environments. In: Allen, G., Nabrzyski, J., Seidel, E., van Albada, G.D., Dongarra, J., Sloot, P.M.A. (eds.) ICCS 2009. LNCS, vol. 5545, pp. 729–736. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hyrskykari, A., Majaranta, P., Aaltonen, A., Räihä, K.-J.: Design issues of idict: a gaze-assisted translation aid. In: ETRA 2000, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, USA, pp. 9–14. ACM Press, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Istance, H.O., Spinner, C., Howarth, P.A.: Providing motor impaired users with access to standard graphical user interface (GUI) software via eye-based interaction. In: The 1st European Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ECDVRAT 1996), Maidenhead, UK, pp. 109–116 (1996) Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Istance, H., Bates, R.: Towards eye based virtual environment interaction for users with high-level motor disabilities. In: The 5th Intl. Conf. on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT), Oxford, UK, pp. 275–282 (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jacob, R.J.K.: Eye movement-based human-computer interaction techniques: Toward non-command interfaces. In: Advances in Human-Computer Interaction, vol. 4, pp. 151–190. Ablex Publishing, Greenwich (1993)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kumar, M., Garfinkel, T., Boneh, D., Winograd, T.: Reducing shoulder-surfing by using gaze-based password entry. In: The 3rd Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, pp. 13–19. ACM Press, New York (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kumar, M., Paepcke, A., Winograd, T.: Eyepoint: Practical pointing and selection using gaze and keyboard. In: CHI 2007, San Jose, California, USA, pp. 421–430. ACM Press, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kumar, M., Klingner, J., Puranik, R., Winograd, T., Paepcke, A.: Improving the accuracy of gaze input for interaction. In: ETRA 2008, pp. 65–68. ACM Press, Savannah (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lankford, C.: Effective eye-gaze input into windows. In: ETRA 2000, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, USA, pp. 23–27. ACM Press, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Majaranta, P., Räihä, K.-J.: Twenty years of eye typing: systems and design issues. In: ETRA 2002, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, pp. 15–22. ACM Press, New York (2002)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Majaranta, P., MacKenzie, I.S., Aula, A., Räihä, K.-J.: Effects of feedback and dwell time on eye typing speed and accuracy. Journal of Universal Access in the Information Society 5(2), 199–208 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sibert, J.L., Gokturk, M., Lavine, R.A.: The reading assistant: eye gaze triggered auditory prompting for reading remediation. In: UIST 2000, San Diego, CA, USA, pp. 101–107. ACM Press, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Smith, J.D., Graham, T.C.: Use of eye movements for video game control. In: ACE 2006, article No. 20, Hollywood, CA, USA, ACM Press, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang, J., Zhai, S., Su, H.: Chinese input with keyboard and eye tracking: an anatomical study. In: CHI 2001, Seattle, WA, USA, pp. 349–356. ACM Press, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhang, X., Ren, X., Zha, H.: Improving eye cursor’s stability for eye pointing tasks. In: CHI 2008, Florence, Italy, pp. 525–534. ACM Press, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang, X., Ren, X., Zha, H.: Modeling dwell-based Eye pointing target acquisition. In: CHI 2010, Atlanta, GA, USA, pp. 2083–2092. ACM Press, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    The Human Body - How Often Does The Human Eye Blink? Science Fact Finder. In: Engelbert, P. (ed.) UXL-Gale, 1998. eNotes.com. (2006), http://www.enotes.com/science-fact-finder/human-body/how-often-does-human-eye-blink (February 24, 2011)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinyong Zhang
    • 1
  • Wenxin Feng
    • 1
  • Hongbin Zha
    • 2
  1. 1.School of InformationRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Lab of Machine Perception, MOEPeking UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations