A Hybrid Brain-Computer Interface for Smart Home Control
Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) provide a new communication channel between the human brain and a computer without using any muscle activities. Applications of BCI systems comprise communication, restoration of movements or environmental control. Within this study we propose a combined P300 and steady-state visually evoked potential (SSVEP) based BCI system for controlling finally a smart home environment. Firstly a P300 based BCI system was developed and tested in a virtual smart home environment implementation to work with a high accuracy and a high degree of freedom. Secondly, in order to initiate and stop the operation of the P300 BCI a SSVEP based toggle switch was implemented. Results indicate that a P300 based system is very well suitable for applications with several controllable devices and where a discrete control command is desired. A SSVEP based system is more suitable if a continuous control signal is needed and the number of commands is rather limited. The combination of a SSVEP based BCI as a toggle switch to initiate and stop the P300 selection yielded in all subjects very high reliability and accuracy.
KeywordsBrain-Computer Interface Smart Home P300 SSVEP electroencephalogram
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