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Increase the Security of Multibiometric Systems by Incorporating a Spoofing Detection Algorithm in the Fusion Mechanism

  • Emanuela Marasco
  • Peter Johnson
  • Carlo Sansone
  • Stephanie Schuckers
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6713)

Abstract

The use of multimodal biometric systems has been encouraged by the threat of spoofing, where an impostor fakes a biometric trait. The reason lies on the assumption that, an impostor must fake all the fused modalities to be accepted. Recent studies showed that there is a vulnerability of the existing fusion schemes in presence of attacks where only a subset of the fused modalities is spoofed. In this paper, we demonstrated that, by incorporating a liveness detection algorithm in the fusion scheme, the multimodal system results robust in presence of spoof attacks involving only a subset of the fused modalities. The experiments were carried out by analyzing different fusion rules on the Biosecure multimodal database.

Keywords

Fusion Rule Fusion Frame Multimodal System Biometric Trait Spoof Attack 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emanuela Marasco
    • 1
  • Peter Johnson
    • 2
  • Carlo Sansone
    • 1
  • Stephanie Schuckers
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Informatica e SistemisticaUniversità degli Studi di Napoli Federico IINapoliItaly
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

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