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Detoxification of Heavy Metals Using Earthworms

  • Oguz Can Turgay
  • Ridvan Kizilkaya
  • Ayten KaracaEmail author
  • Sema Camci Cetin
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 30)

Abstract

The number of different earthworm species living in a certain soil environment can be three or five and occasionally more than ten. Earthworms substantially enhance physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of soil through their feeding, casting, and burrowing activities. The factors affecting earthworm populations and activities in soil are climate, soil characteristics, plant vegetation, and biological relationships. The influences of earthworms on soil characteristics are mainly driven by their feeding, casting, and burrowing activities. Earthworms can affect either available or total metal concentrations in soil in that they have capability to accumulate heavy metals in their tissues and hence reduce their involvement in soil food chain. During their feeding activities, earthworms can change either available or total metal concentrations in soil in that they are capable to accumulate heavy metals in their tissues. The accumulation of heavy metals by earthworms is mainly associated with the factors such as type of mineral soil, organic matter content, and metal concentrations of their living environment and it should be kept in mind that earthworm–heavy metal relationships are mostly driven by soil characteristics and their ecological category.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Mineral Soil Total Metal Concentration Earthworm Species Ecological Category 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oguz Can Turgay
    • 1
  • Ridvan Kizilkaya
    • 2
  • Ayten Karaca
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sema Camci Cetin
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant NutritionAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant NutritionOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of ForestryCankiri Karatekin UniversityCankiriTurkey

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