Hide the Stack: Toward Usable Linked Data

  • Aba-Sah Dadzie
  • Matthew Rowe
  • Daniela Petrelli
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6643)

Abstract

The explosion in growth of the Web of Linked Data has provided, for the first time, a plethora of information in disparate locations, yet bound together by machine-readable, semantically typed relations. Utilisation of the Web of Data has been, until now, restricted to the members of the community, eating their own dogfood, so to speak. To the regular web user browsing Facebook and watching YouTube, this utility is yet to be realised. The primary factor inhibiting uptake is the usability of the Web of Data, where users are required to have prior knowledge of elements from the Semantic Web technology stack. Our solution to this problem is to hide the stack, allowing end users to browse the Web of Data, explore the information it contains, discover knowledge, and use Linked Data. We propose a template-based visualisation approach where information attributed to a given resource is rendered according to the rdf:type of the instance.

Keywords

Linked Data Knowledge Visualisation Information Visualisation Usable Interfaces Human-Computer Interaction 

References

  1. 1.
    Aroyo, L., et al. (eds.): ESWC 2010. LNCS, vol. 6089. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Auer, S., Doehring, R., Dietzold, S.: LESS - template-based syndication and presentation of linked data. In: Aroyo, L., et al. (eds.) [1], pp. 211–224Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Becker, C., Bizer, C.: Exploring the geospatial semantic web with DBpedia Mobile. Journal of Web Semantics 7(4), 278–286 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Berners-Lee, T.: Semantic web – XML 2000 (2000), http://www.w3.org/2000/Talks/1206-xml2k-tbl
  5. 5.
    Berners-Lee, T., Hollenbach, J., Lu, K., Presbrey, J., Prud’ommeaux, E., Schraefel, mc.: Tabulator redux: Browsing and writing linked data. In: Linked Data on the Web Workshop at WWW ’08 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Corlosquet, S., Delbru, R., Clark, T., Polleres, A., Decker, S.: Produce and consume linked data with Drupal! In: Bernstein, A., Karger, D.R., Heath, T., Feigenbaum, L., Maynard, D., Motta, E., Thirunarayan, K. (eds.) ISWC 2009. LNCS, vol. 5823, pp. 763–778. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heim, P., Lohmann, S., Stegemann, T.: Interactive relationship discovery via the semantic web. In: Aroyo, L., et al. (eds.) [1], pp. 303–317Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Herman, I., Melançon, G., Marshall, M.: Graph visualization and navigation in information visualization: A survey. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 6(1), 24–43 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hirsch, C., Hosking, J., Grundy, J.: Interactive visualization tools for exploring the semantic graph of large knowledge spaces. In: Workshop on Visual Interfaces to the Social and the Semantic Web at IUI 2009 (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Keller, T., Tergan, S.-O.: Visualizing knowledge and information: An introduction. In: Tergan, S.-O., Keller, T. (eds.) Knowledge and Information Visualization: Searching for Synergies, pp. 1–23 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kerren, A., Stasko, J.T., Fekete, J.-D., North, C. (eds.): Information Visualization: Human-Centered Issues and Perspectives. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    North, C.: Toward measuring visualization insight. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 26(3), 6–9 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pietriga, E.: Semantic web data visualization with graph style sheets. In: SoftVis ’06: Proc. 2006 ACM Symposium on Software Visualization, pp. 177–178 (2006)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pietriga, E., Bizer, C., Karger, D.R., Lee, R.: Fresnel: A browser-independent presentation vocabulary for RDF. In: Cruz, I., Decker, S., Allemang, D., Preist, C., Schwabe, D., Mika, P., Uschold, M., Aroyo, L.M. (eds.) ISWC 2006. LNCS, vol. 4273, pp. 158–171. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Quan, D.A., Karger, R.: How to make a semantic web browser. In: WWW ’04: Proc. 13th International Conference on World Wide Web, pp. 255–265 (2004)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rutledge, L., van Ossenbruggen, J., Hardman, L.: Making RDF presentable: integrated global and local semantic web browsing. In: WWW ’05: Proc. 14th International Conference on World Wide Web, pp. 199–206 (2005)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shneiderman, B.: The eyes have it: a task by data type taxonomy for information visualizations. In: Proc. IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, pp. 336–343 (1996)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Splendiani, A.: RDFScape: Semantic web meets systems biology. BMC Bioinformatics 9(suppl. 4), S6 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tory, M., Moller, T.: Evaluating visualizations: do expert reviews work? IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 25(5), 8–11 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tummarello, G., Cyganiak, R., Catasta, M., Danielczyk, S., Delbru, R., Decker, S.: Sig.ma: Live views on the web of data. Journal of Web Semantics 8(4), 355–364 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aba-Sah Dadzie
    • 1
  • Matthew Rowe
    • 2
  • Daniela Petrelli
    • 3
  1. 1.OAK Group, Dept. of Computer ScienceThe University of SheffieldUK
  2. 2.Knowledge Media InstituteThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK
  3. 3.Art & Design Research CentreSheffield Hallam UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations