GraphITA 2011 pp 129-136 | Cite as

A Chemists Method for Making Pure Clean Graphene

  • S. MalikEmail author
  • A. Vijayaraghavan
  • R. Erni
  • K. Ariga
  • I. Khalakhan
  • J. P. Hill
Conference paper
Part of the Carbon Nanostructures book series (CARBON)


Even before Geim and Novoselov’s Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene". the interest of physicists in graphene was enormous compared to that of chemists. This probably results from the absence of a well-established large scale method to produce graphene. Therefore, the most important role chemists can play is the establishment of an inexpensive and simple wet-chemical method for making graphene. Herein, we describe an intercalation method to make clean graphene that has good electrical properties. The new method is based on an earlier procedure to make expanded graphite. Our method leads to the production of graphene.


Reduce Graphene Oxide Graphite Oxide Expanded Graphite Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite Graphene Flake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



A.V. acknowledges funding by the Initiative and Networking Fund of the Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren (HGF). This work was partly supported by World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI Initiative) from MEXT, Japan and we thank Dr. Taketoshi Fujita and Dr. Yoshihiro Nemoto for technical assistance. Part of this work was performed at NCEM, which is supported by the Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Malik
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Vijayaraghavan
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Erni
    • 3
  • K. Ariga
    • 4
  • I. Khalakhan
    • 4
    • 5
  • J. P. Hill
    • 4
  1. 1.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Institute of NanotechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.School of Computer ScienceUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  3. 3.Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research (EMPA)Electron Microscopy CentreDübendorfSwitzerland
  4. 4.National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)WPI-Centre for Materials NanoarchitectonicsTsukubaJapan
  5. 5.Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsDepartment of Surface and Plasma SciencePraha 8Czech Republic

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