Brief Introduction to Sturgeon with a Special Focus on the European Sturgeon, Acipenser sturio L. 1758

  • P. Williot
  • E. Rochard
  • N. Desse-Berset
  • J. Gessner
  • F. Kirschbaum
Chapter

Abstract

Sturgeon comprise a small family of fish with 4 genera and 27 species. The genus Acipenser accounts for 17 species. In general, they are known for their large size, their unusual appearance, and their famous fish product, caviar. They are ancient fish ranging only over the northern hemisphere. All Eurasian sturgeon species are currently under threat, while the situation is slightly better in America. The European sturgeon colonized the continent from the Black Sea to the Baltic, through the Mediterranean, the Western Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, and the North Sea (Fig. 1.1).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Williot
    • 1
  • E. Rochard
    • 2
  • N. Desse-Berset
    • 3
  • J. Gessner
    • 4
  • F. Kirschbaum
    • 5
  1. 1.Sturgeon ConsultantAudengeFrance
  2. 2.Cemagref, Estuarine Ecosystems and Diadromous Fish Research UnitCestas CedexFrance
  3. 3.Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis – CNRS-CEPAM-UMR 6130, SJA3NICE Cédex 4France
  4. 4.Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland FisheriesBerlinGermany
  5. 5.Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture, Biology and Ecology of FishesHumboldt UniversityBerlinGermany

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