Potentials for Biological Control of Plant Diseases by Lysobacter spp., with Special Reference to Strain SB-K88

Chapter

Abstract

The Lysobacter spp. are ubiquitous inhabitants in the diverse environment that have some unique features including gliding motility and high genomic G + C ratio (65–72%). They produce a wide variety of antimicrobial compounds (lytic enzyme and antibiotics) and thus have high promise to biocontrol of plant diseases caused by fungi, peronosporomyctes, nematodes, and bacteria. Among 21 identified species, biocontrol activity of Lysobacter enzymogenes strains C3 and 3.1T8 and Lysobacter sp. SB-K88 has extensively been investigated. Mechanisms of biocontrol of phytopathogens by Lysobacter spp. include (1) secretion of lytic enzymes and/or antibiotics including tetramic acid-containing macrocyclic lactams, (2) high plant colonization through characteristic perpendicular attachment, (3) development of induced systemic resistance in host plants, (4) hyperparasitism involving types III, IV, and VI secretion systems, and (5) exhibition of micropredatory behavior to the pathogens. Lysobacter spp. were also found as functional bacteria in the disease-suppressive soils. This chapter reviews the advances of research on biocontrol activity of plant diseases by bacterial antagonists Lysobacter spp., with special reference to Lysobacter sp. SB-K88. Mode of antagonism and potential use of Lysobacter spp. as biological control agents are also discussed.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is thankful to Prof. Satoshi Tahara and Prof. Yasuyuki Hashidoko of Hokkaido University, Japan, for their kind supports during his works on Lysobacter sp. SB-K88. The Ministry of Science and Information and Communication Technology of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh also deserve special thanks for financial support (2009–2010) to the project titled “Environment safe and low input sustainable food production by the application of natural resources.”

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural UniversityGazipurBangladesh

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