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Integrating Wiki Systems, Natural Language Processing, and Semantic Technologies for Cultural Heritage Data Management

  • René Witte
  • Thomas Kappler
  • Ralf Krestel
  • Peter C. Lockemann
Conference paper
Part of the Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing book series (NLP)

Abstract

Modern documents can easily be structured and augmented to have the characteristics of a semantic knowledge base. Many older documents may also hold a trove of knowledge that would deserve to be organized as such a knowledge base. In this chapter, we show that modern semantic technologies offer the means to make these heritage documents accessible by transforming them into a semantic knowledge base. Using techniques from natural language processing and Semantic Computing, we automatically populate an ontology. Additionally, all content is made accessible in a user-friendly Wiki interface, combining original text with NLP-derived metadata and adding annotation capabilities for collaborative use. All these functions are combined into a single, cohesive system architecture that addresses the different requirements from end users, software engineering aspects, and knowledge discovery paradigms. The ideas were implemented and tested with a volume from the historic Encyclopedia of Architecture and a number of different user groups.

Keywords

semantic wikis ontology population ontology queries automatic summarization index generation web services Handbuch der Architektur 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

Praharshana Perera contributed to the automatic index generation and the Durm lemmatizer. Qiangqiang Li contributed to the ontology population pipeline. Thomas Gitzinger contributed to the index generation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • René Witte
    • 1
  • Thomas Kappler
    • 2
  • Ralf Krestel
    • 3
  • Peter C. Lockemann
    • 4
  1. 1.Concordia UniversityMontréalCanada
  2. 2.Swiss Institute of BioinformaticsGenevaSwitzerland
  3. 3.L3S Research CenterHannoverGermany
  4. 4.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany

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