Turkey’s Position towards International Water Law



Turkey’s position towards transboundary water cooperation is widely perceived as being reluctant. This view mainly originates from disputes that arose over the Euphrates and Tigris rivers between Turkey, being the upstream country, and the downstream riparians, Syria and Iraq. In addition, Turkey’s vote against the 1997 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses (UN Watercourses Convention) as well as Turkey’s refusal to discuss transboundary water issues within the context of the 2002 Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Economic Forum explains the view of Turkey’s critics.


European Union Transboundary Water Transboundary River Aarhus Convention International Watercourse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Arancli S (2002) Biodiversity and natural resource management in Turkey. Paper presented at Environmental Connectivity: Protected Areas in the Mediterranean Context, Malaga, Spain, 26-28 September 2002Google Scholar
  2. Biswas A (2000) Presentation given at the CDG Conference on International Water Courses. Berlin 27th October 2000Google Scholar
  3. Brunnée J, Toope SJ (1997) Environmental security and freshwater resources: Ecosystem regime building. The American Journal of International Law, vol 91: 26-59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Demeter B (2001) Schutz und Nutzung internationaler Binnengewässer – Zwei Rahmenkonventionen im Vergleich. Frankfurt am Main, Peter LangGoogle Scholar
  5. DSI (2009) Turkey water report 2009. DSI General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works, Ankara. Accessed 25 May 2010
  6. European Commission (2005) Regular report on Turkey’s progress towards accession, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  7. Hey E (1998) The Watercourses Convention: To what extent does it provide a basis for regulating uses of international watercourses? Review of European Community and International Environmental Law, 7 (3): 291-300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kibaroglu A (2002) Building a regime for the waters of the Euphrates-Tigris river system. Kluwer Law International, London The Hague New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. McCaffrey S (2001) The contribution of the UN Convention on the law of the non-navigational uses of international watercourses. Int. J. Global Environmental Issues, vol. 1, no 3/4: 250-263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2010) Personal communication with the officials, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  11. Rende M (2004) Turkey’s water resources management and transboundary water policy. Speech delivered at the 4th Biennal Rosenberg International Forum, Ankara, 2004Google Scholar
  12. Rende M (2007) Water transfer from Turkey to water stressed countries in the Middle East. In: Shuval H, Dweik H (eds) Water resources in the Middle East: Israeli Palestinian water issues — From conflict to cooperation., Springer, Berlin, pp 167-169Google Scholar
  13. Samsunlu A, Maktav D, Kapdaslii S (1996) Transboundary water issues between Greece-Bulgaria and Turkey: the case of Meric / Evros River. In: Bogardi I (ed) Transboundary water resources management. Institutional and engineering approaches. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  14. Saner E (2006) Turkiye, Su ve Uluslararasi Boyutu. Paper presented at the Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects- Proceedings of Congress of Water Policies, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  15. Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2003) The looming water shortgage and Turkey’s water management in a transboundary context. NATO Parliament Assembly, 48th session. Istanbul, 15-19 November 2002Google Scholar
  16. UNDP (2004) Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project - Phase 2. Project Document. Accessed 03 June 2005
  17. Wouters P (1999) The legal response to international water conflicts: the UN Watercourses Convention and beyond. German Yearbook of International Law 42: 292-336Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AdelphiBerlinGermany
  2. 2.International Relations DepartmentOkan UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations