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Phosphorus Fertilizing Effects of Biomass Ashes

  • Katja Schiemenz
  • Jürgen Kern
  • Hans-Marten Paulsen
  • Silvia Bachmann
  • Bettina Eichler-Löbermann
Chapter

Abstract

The reutilization of biomass ashes in agriculture is important to create nutrient cycles. In field and pot experiments we investigated the fertilizing effects of different biomass ashes (rape meal ash, straw ash, and cereal ash) for eight different crops on a loamy sand and a sandy loam. Special emphasis was given to phosphorus (P). The ashes showed large differences in their elemental composition. The highest P contents (10.5%) were measured in the cereal ash, and lowest in straw ash (1% P). The solubility of P in water was low; however, about 80% of P was soluble in citric acid. Generally, the P fertilizing effect of ashes was comparable to that of highly soluble P fertilizers such as triple superphosphate. The ash supply resulted in an increase of P uptake of cultivated crops as well as in increased soil P pools (total P, water-soluble P, double-lactate-soluble P, oxalate-soluble P) and P saturation. The ash effects depended also on the cultivated crop. Good results were found in combination with phacelia, buckwheat, and maize. Provided that biomass ashes are low in heavy metals and other toxic substances, the ashes can be applied in agriculture as a valuable fertilizer.

Keywords

Sandy Loam Loamy Sand Cluster Root Catch Crop Bone Meal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was supported by the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV), Germany (support code 22016206) (2007–2009). The project execution organization was the Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR), Germany. The project was accomplished in cooperation with the following project partners: the Institute of Organic Farming of the Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institute (vTI)/Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, and the Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering Potsdam-Bornim, Germany.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katja Schiemenz
    • 1
  • Jürgen Kern
    • 2
  • Hans-Marten Paulsen
    • 3
  • Silvia Bachmann
    • 1
  • Bettina Eichler-Löbermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesUniversity of RostockRostockGermany
  2. 2.Leibniz-Institut für Agrartechnik Potsdam-Bornim e.V.PotsdamGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Organic Farming vTITrenthorstGermany

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