Topographic Waves in Enclosed Basins: Fundamentals and Observations

  • Kolumban HutterEmail author
  • Yongqi Wang
  • Irina P. Chubarenko
Part of the Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics book series (AGEM, volume 2)


In Sect. 11.2, the notions of first and second class waves were introduced. The former were said to be due to the action of the gravity force. These waves are therefore also called gravity waves. The latter are due to the rotation of the Earth and cease to exist when the frame of reference is inertial. These waves are alternatively also termed Rossby-, vortex-, geostrophic or gyration-waves, see Fig. 19.1.


Wind Stress Gravity Wave Potential Vorticity Topographic Wave Baroclinic Effect 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kolumban Hutter
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yongqi Wang
    • 2
  • Irina P. Chubarenko
    • 3
  1. 1.c/o Versuchsanstalt für Wasserbau Hydrologie und Glaziologie ETH-ZentrumETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDarmstadt University of TechnologyDarmstadtGermany
  3. 3.P.P. Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesKaliningradRussia

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