Scattering from Dilute and Lamellar Phase Solutions of Aerosol-OT Simultaneous Probe of Surface Structures and Bulk
The benefits of simultaneous studies of adsorbed layers and bulk structures are shown for solutions of the surfactant Aerosol-OT. Above the critical micelle concentration, Aerosol-OT forms an aligned lamellar phase at the sapphire/solution interface which is in equilibrium with a bulk phase that consists of coexisting micellar solution and dispersed lamellar phase. Measurements of the aligned surface layers and the bulk scattering from a 2 % wt solution by grazing incidence and small-angle neutron scattering show that the bulk consist of lamellar structures with the same d-spacing as seen at the surface but without the surface induced alignment. The surface lamellar structure corresponds to a 10 % volume fraction for a 2 % wt bulk which implies that there must be coexistence of regions of different concentration. Scattering patterns measured in grazing incidence geometry clearly show the relative contributions from small-angle scattering and specular reflectivity.
Keywordssodium bis 2-ethylhexyl sulfosuccinate lamellar phase scattering
We are grateful to the Institut Laue Langevin for allocation of beam time for these measurements.