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The Integration of Recognition and Cleavage: X-Ray Structures of Pre-Transition State Complex, Post-Reactive Complex, and the DNA-Free Endonuclease

  • A. Grigorescu
  • M. Horvath
  • P. A. Wilkosz
  • K. Chandrasekhar
  • J. M. Rosenberg
Part of the Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology book series (NUCLEIC, volume 14)

Abstract

DNA has been selected as the biological information storage molecule for many reasons; one of which is its stability. The rate of spontaneous hydrolysis of DNA(at 24 ° C and pH 7.4) was estimated at 5.7×10−14 S−1 (Bunton et al.1960; Kumamoto et al. 1956; Serpersu et al. 1987); more recently, Radzicka and Wolfenden have estimated this value as 1.7xl0−13 S−1. (Radzicka and Wolfenden 1995).This corresponds to an estimated half-life of 130,000 years for a DNA phosphodiester bond in solution, placing DNAhydrolysis among the slowest of biochemical reactions in the absence of enzymes.

Keywords

Amino Acid Side Chain Major Groove EcoRI Endonuclease Single Hydrogen Bond Sequence Discrimination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Grigorescu
    • 1
  • M. Horvath
    • 1
  • P. A. Wilkosz
    • 1
  • K. Chandrasekhar
    • 1
  • J. M. Rosenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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