Modeling of Species and Charge Transport in Li–Ion Batteries Based on Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics
In order to improve the design of Li ion batteries the complex interplay of various physical phenomena in the active particles of the electrodes and in the electrolyte has to be balanced. The separate transport phenomena in the electrolyte and in the active particle as well as their coupling due to the electrochemical reactions at the interfaces between the electrode particles and the electrolyte will influence the performance and the lifetime of a battery. Any modeling of the complex phenomena during the usage of a battery has therefore to be based on sound physical and chemical principles in order to allow for reliable predictions for the response of the battery to changing load conditions. We will present a modeling approach for the transport processes in the electrolyte and the electrodes based on non-equilibrium thermodynamics and transport theory. The assumption of local charge neutrality, which is known to be valid in concentrated electrolytes, is explicitly used to identify the independent thermodynamic variables and fluxes. The theory guarantees strictly positive entropy production. Differences to other theories will be discussed.
KeywordsConstitutive Relation Charge Transport Entropy Production Active Particle Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic
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