Advances in Research on the Venom Chemistry of Imported Fire Ants

  • Jian Chen
  • Hanwu Shang


Workers of the imported fire ants, including red imported fire ants, Solenopsis invicta Buren, black imported fire ants, S. richteri Forel, and their hybrid (S. invicta × S. richteri), are vicious stingers. Since the venomous sting is a significant medical problem to humans, the chemistry of imported fire ant venom has been a subject of rigorous research. This chapter summarizes the recent research on the chemistry of imported fire ant venom and focuses on several newly identified piperideine alkaloids. The potential pharmacologic application of piperidine alkaloids and updates on major allergens found in the imported fire ant venom are also reviewed.


imported fire ants venom piperidine alkaloids allergens pharmacologic application 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Chen
    • 1
  • Hanwu Shang
    • 2
  1. 1.Biological Control of Pests Research Unit, Agricultural Research ServiceU.S. Department of AgricultureStonevilleUSA
  2. 2.College of Life SciencesChina Jiliang UniversityHangzhou, ZhejiangChina

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