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Attenuation of Bacteriological Contaminants in Karstic Siphons and Relative Barrier Purifiers: Case Examples from Carpathian Karst in Serbia

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Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI, volume 1)

Abstract

Karstic groundwater, because of its unique hydrological characteristics, is extremely sensitive to contamination by pathogens. For this reason more attention has recently been paid to the relationship between pathogens and the hydrogeological and geological characteristics of karst aquifer. This paper presents causes of contamination of three large sources located in the karst aquifers in the Carpathian-Balkanides in eastern Serbia. The bacteriological analyses and their correlation with physical and chemical characteristics in seasonal intervals provide an insight into the functioning of studied karst aquifers. It has been confirmed that ascending springs which drain deeper siphonal systems or the presence of adjacent porous aquifers as an additional purifier barrier mitigate bacterial waves and have much better water quality than gravity springs with an unstable discharge regime. For the latter, typical fast draining does not allow the activation of the attenuation capacity of the aquifer system.

Keywords

Karst Microbiology Groundwater circulation Attenuation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Karst Hydrogeology, Department of Hydrogeology, Faculty of Mining and GeologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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