Development of PARO Interventions for Dementia Patients in Dutch Psycho-geriatric Care

  • Gert Jan Gelderblom
  • Roger Bemelmans
  • Nadine Spierts
  • Pieter Jonker
  • Luc de Witte
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6414)


Social Robots are believed to have great potential for long term care. The uptake of Social Robots in daily care provision will depend on demonstrated added value of such systems in practice. To assess the added value, the availability of a technical system as such is insufficient. Interventions need to be defined describing the goal, target group, environment and how care staff should act to pursue effective application of a robot system. For the seal robot Paro three such interventions have been developed in collaboration with psycho-geriatric care professionals. The interventions provide information on the aims of PARO application in daily care for psycho-geriatric patients and describe concrete outcomes to monitor the added value of robot interventions. The developed interventions also outline the application of PARO in care for a subsequent randomized clinical trial (RCT).


Socially assistive robots Paro Dementia Care interventions Psycho-geriatric care 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Butter, M., et al.: R4H, Robotics for Healthcare, Final Report. Roadmaps for Robotics in Heathcare, TNO report (2008),
  2. 2.
    Bemelmans, R., Gelderblom, G.J., Jonker, P., de Witte, L.: State of the art in social assistive robotics (submitted for publication) (submitted a)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bemelmans, R., Gelderblom, G.J., Jonker, P., de Witte, L.: Literature review into the effectiveness of social assistive robotics (accepted for publication) (submitted b)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wada, K., Shibata, T., et al.: Effects of Robot Assisted Activity for Elderly People at Day Service Center and analysis of its factors. In: 4th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (2002)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Libin, A., Libin, E.: Person Robot Interactons from Robopsychologists’ point of view: The robotic Psychology and Robotherapy approach. Proceedings of IEEE 92(11), 1–5 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yonemitsu, T., et al.: Is an entertainment robot useful in the care of elderly people with severe dementia? Journals of gerontology 59A(1), 83–85 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tapus, A., Tapus, C., Mataric, M.J.: The use of socially assistive robots in the design of intelligent cognitive therapies for people with dementia. In: IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009, pp. 924–929 (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schnelle, W., Stoltz, I.: The metaplan method: Communication tools for planning learning groups. Metaplan Series, vol. 7. Goethestrasse, Germany (1987)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Alexopoulos, G.A., Abrams, R.C., Young, R.C., Shamoian, C.A.: Cornell scale for depression in dementia. Biol. Psych. 23, 271–284 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kiresuk, T., Sherman, R.: Goal attainment scaling: a general method of evaluating comprehensive community mental health programs. Community Ment. Health J. 4, 443–453 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gert Jan Gelderblom
    • 1
  • Roger Bemelmans
    • 1
  • Nadine Spierts
    • 1
  • Pieter Jonker
    • 2
  • Luc de Witte
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Research centre for Technology in CareZuyd UniversityHeerlenNetherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Applied SciencesDelft University of TechnologyDelftthe Netherlands
  3. 3.Faculty of Health Medicine and Life SciencesMaastricht UniversityMaastrichtNetherlands

Personalised recommendations