Knowledge-Based System for Diagnosis of Metabolic Alterations in Undergraduate Students

  • Miguel Murguía-Romero
  • René Méndez-Cruz
  • Rafael Villalobos-Molina
  • Norma Yolanda Rodríguez-Soriano
  • Estrella González-Dalhaus
  • Rafael Jiménez-Flores
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6437)

Abstract

A knowledge based system to identify 10 main metabolic alterations in university students based on clinical and anthropometric parameters is presented. Knowledge engineering was carried out through unstructured expert interviews methodology, resulting in a knowledge base of 17 IF-THEN rules. A backward chaining machine engine was built in Prolog language; the attribute-values database about parameters of each student was also stored in Prolog facts. The system was applied to 592 cases: clinical and anthropometric parameters of the students stored in the database. Medical diagnoses and recommendations for each student, obtained from the system, were organized in individualized reports that the physicians gave to the students in personal interviews along only two days. The effectiveness of these interviews is largely attributed to the fact that physicians are the same experts who participated in the process of building the knowledge base.

Keywords

Knowledge-based systems medical diagnosis metabolic syndrome Prolog 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel Murguía-Romero
    • 1
  • René Méndez-Cruz
    • 2
  • Rafael Villalobos-Molina
    • 1
  • Norma Yolanda Rodríguez-Soriano
    • 3
  • Estrella González-Dalhaus
    • 4
  • Rafael Jiménez-Flores
    • 2
  1. 1.Unidad de Investigación en BiomedicinaMéxico
  2. 2.Carrera de Médico CirujanoUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoLos Reyes IztacalaMéxico
  3. 3.Carrera de Psicología , Facultad de Estudios Superiores IztacalaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoLos Reyes IztacalaMéxico
  4. 4.Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de MéxicoSan Lorenzo Tezonco, IztapalapaMéxico

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