Exploring Narrative Interpretation and Adaptation for Interactive Story Creation

  • Ulrike Spierling
  • Steve Hoffmann
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6432)


Adaptation of stories – as a translation between media, such as literature and film – is explored for genres of interactive storytelling that make use of highly-interactive and user-adaptive technology. A concrete case study of transforming and abstracting a Hemingway short story is discussed in detail. The conclusion is that even though Interactive Storytelling content has to follow formal models, these cannot be derived from a written narrative alone and need story creators’ input in order to work for interactivity.


interactive storytelling adaptation authoring creation process 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Abbott, H.P.: The Cambridge Introduction to Narrative, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bosser, A.-G., Cavazza, M., Champagnat, R.: Linear Logic for Non-Linear Storytelling. In: Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2010), Lisbon, Portugal (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cavazza, M., Lugrin, J.-L., Pizzi, D., Charles, F.: Madame Bovary on the Holodeck: Immersive Interactive Storytelling. ACM Multimedia 2007, Augsburg, Germany (2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cavazza, M., Pizzi, D.: Narratology for Interactive Storytelling: a Critical Introduction. In: Göbel, S., Malkewitz, R., Iurgel, I. (eds.) TIDSE 2006. LNCS, vol. 4326, pp. 72–83. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chatman, S.: Story and Discourse. Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Cornell University Press, Ithaca (1978)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Crawford, C.: Chris Crawford on Interactive Storytelling. New Riders Publishing, Indianapolis (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Crawford, C.: Storytron Website: (last accessed: 2010-08-13) Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Genette, G.: Narrative Discourse. Cornell University Press, Ithaca (1980)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hotchner, A.E.: Ernest Hemingway’s After The Storm. Carroll & Graf Publishers, NY (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Iser, W.: The Implied Reader: Patterns of Communication in Prose Fiction from Bunyan to Beckett. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore (1974)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Little Red Ridinghood Blog. The Authoring Process in Interactive Storytelling, (last accessed: 2010-08-13)
  12. 12.
    McKee, R.: Story: Substance, Structure, Style, and the Principles of Screenwriting. Harper Collins Publishers, New York (1997)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Porteous, J., Cavazza, M., Charles, F.: Narrative Generation through Characters’ Point of View. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS), Toronto, Canada (May 2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Porteous, J., Cavazza, M.: Controlling Narrative Generation with Planning Trajectories: the Role of Constraints. In: Iurgel, I.A., Zagalo, N., Petta, P. (eds.) ICIDS 2009. LNCS, vol. 5915, pp. 234–245. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Riedl, M.O.: Incorporating Authorial Intent into Generative Narrative Systems. In: Proceedings of the AAAI Spring Symposium on Intelligent Narrative Technologies II, Palo Alto, California (2009)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Si, M., Marsella, S., Pynadath, D.: Proactive Authoring for Interactive Drama: An Author’s Assistant. In: Pelachaud, C., Martin, J.-C., André, E., Chollet, G., Karpouzis, K., Pelé, D. (eds.) IVA 2007. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 4722, pp. 225–237. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Spierling, U., Szilas, N.: Authoring Issues beyond Tools. In: Iurgel, I.A., Zagalo, N., Petta, P. (eds.) ICIDS 2009. LNCS, vol. 5915, pp. 50–61. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Spierling, U., Hoffmann, S., Szilas, N.: Report on Prescriptive Narrative Principles and Creation Methods in Interactive Storytelling (Non-Digital and Digital). Deliverable 3.1, IRIS NoE FP7-ICT-231824 (2009),
  19. 19.
    Spierling, U.: Models for Interactive Narrative Actions. In: Ryan, M. (ed.) Interactive Entertainment, IE 2009, Conference Proceedings. ACM Digital Library, Sydney (2009)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Swartjes, I.: Whose Story is it Anyway? How Improv Informs Agency and Authorship of Emergent Narratives. Dissertation, CTIT Dissertation Series No. 10-168, Enschede NL (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Szilas, N.: A Computational Model of an Intelligent Narrator for Interactive Narratives. Applied Artificial Intelligence 21(8), 753–801 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tapiero, I.: Situation Models and Levels of Coherence: Toward a Definition of Comprehension. Lawrence Assoc. Inc., Mahwah (2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrike Spierling
    • 1
  • Steve Hoffmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty DCSMHochschule RheinMain, University of Applied SciencesWiesbadenGermany

Personalised recommendations