A Meta Model for Artefact-Orientation: Fundamentals and Lessons Learned in Requirements Engineering
Requirements Engineering (RE) processes are highly volatile due to dependencies on customers’ capabilities or used process models, both complicating a standardised RE process. A promising solution is given by artefact-orientation that emphasises the results rather than dictating a strict development process. At such a basis one is able to incorporate domain-specific methods for producing artefacts without having to take into account the variability of process definitions. Although artefacts are known to support customisable development processes, there still is no common agreement about the structure and semantics of artefact-based methodologies. In this paper we discuss different interpretations of the term artefact considering aspects like process integration capabilities and necessities within individual project environments. We contribute a meta model for artefact-orientation that is inferred from two RE models elaborated within industrial cooperation projects of our research group. We conclude with a discussion of performed case studies and ongoing work.
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