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Attribute-Based Transfer Learning for Object Categorization with Zero/One Training Example

  • Xiaodong Yu
  • Yiannis Aloimonos
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6315)

Abstract

This paper studies the one-shot and zero-shot learning problems, where each object category has only one training example or has no training example at all. We approach this problem by transferring knowledge from known categories (a.k.a source categories) to new categories (a.k.a target categories) via object attributes. Object attributes are high level descriptions of object categories, such as color, texture, shape, etc. Since they represent common properties across different categories, they can be used to transfer knowledge from source categories to target categories effectively. Based on this insight, we propose an attribute-based transfer learning framework in this paper. We first build a generative attribute model to learn the probabilistic distributions of image features for each attribute, which we consider as attribute priors. These attribute priors can be used to (1) classify unseen images of target categories (zero-shot learning), or (2) facilitate learning classifiers for target categories when there is only one training examples per target category (one-shot learning). We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches using the Animal with Attributes data set and show state-of-the-art performance in both zero-shot and one-shot learning tests.

Keywords

Knowledge Transfer Visual Word Gibbs Sampling Object Attribute Attribute Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaodong Yu
    • 1
  • Yiannis Aloimonos
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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