How Ant Systems Can Help in Management of pH for Industrial Wastewater Discharges
Many processes from chemical industries generate wastewater discharges with acidic or alkaline character.These type of discharges often need a neutralization process before their incorporation into the receiving media. This process is complex: it presents many difficulties due to the none-linear response of pH value to the addition of acids or bases. Moreover, it requires considering the variable buffering capacity of system and the changes in loading characteristics [1,2]. The mixture of wastewater discharges usually has an unknown value of buffer capacity and its pH value can not be calculated easily.