Hearing Loss and Auditory Processing Disorders: Clinical and Experimental Perspectives

  • Elzbieta Szelag
  • Henryk Skarzynski
  • Andrzej Senderski
  • Monika Lewandowska
Chapter
Part of the On Thinking book series (ONTHINKING)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on hearing loss and auditory processing disorders (APD) with reference to culture and identity. Hearing impairments constitute a world-wide problem. They affect both language communication and social interactions, and hence, influence personal identity. APD are discussed from both audiological and neuropsychological perspectives. We present demographic data on hearing impairment and the most important methods applied to assessment and treatment of hearing disorders. We also discuss major cognitive deficits associated with hearing impairments across the life span and their psycho-social consequences. We also emphasize the importance of temporal aspects of auditory information processing which are crucial for broad aspects of cognitive function with special reference to language communication and learning ability. The reviewed literature data are illustrated with some results from our studies indicating psychophysical, electrophysiological and neuroimaging correlates of temporal processing after application of Fast ForWord training.

Keywords

Auditory Processing Disorders Cochlear implantation Evoked Potentials Fast ForWord fMRI Hearing loss Temporal order Temporal training 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Supported by the Polish Ministry for Science and Higher Education grant no.: 1082/P01/2006/31 and 507/1/N-DFG/2009/0. We thank Scientific Learning Corporation from Oakland, USA, for the opportunity to use Fast ForWord training in our research. We would like to thank Professor David McPherson for his valuable comments on this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elzbieta Szelag
    • 1
    • 2
  • Henryk Skarzynski
    • 3
  • Andrzej Senderski
    • 3
  • Monika Lewandowska
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of NeuropsychologyNencki Institute of Experimental BiologyWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Warsaw School of Social Sciences and HumanitiesWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Institute of Physiology and Pathology of HearingWarsawPoland

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