Advertisement

A Machine That Daydreams

  • Graham A. Mann
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 333)

Abstract

Some aspects of human cognitive processing across experiential cases in episodic memory seem quite different from conventional artificial reasoning by logical rules, such as that seen in CBR systems. One difference is that in humans, linkages between particular experiences can apparently be made in a number of qualitatively different ways, forming recollective chains of memories along different dimensions. Data-driven, creative, free-association from one memory to the next does not appear to be economically described by rules. Efforts to enable computers to deal with cultural content such as narratives in new ways could benefit from sequential indexing of this kind, provided that the conceptual representations are rich enough, and that a way can be found of modeling the emotional impact each elicits.A conceptual-graph-based FGP (Fetch, Generalise, Project) machine using a knowledgebase of archetypical narratives enhanced with affect is described, which demonstrates how such emotive “memory-walks” can be computed.

Keywords

cultural computing narratives conceptual graphs affective computing 

References

  1. 1.
    Meehan, J.R.: TALE-SPIN, An Interactive Program that Writes Stories. In: Proceedings of IJCAI 1977, pp. 91–98 (1977)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dyer, M.G.: In-depth Understanding. MIT Press, Cambridge (1983)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Scharf, H.: Searching for Narrative Structures. In: Proc. of the AAAI Spring Symposium on Mining Answers from Texts and Knowledgebases. AAAI Press, Menlo Park (2002), Technical Report SS-02-06Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elson, D.K., McKeown, K.R.: A Platform for Symbolically Encoding Human Narratives. In: Proc. of the AAAI Fall Symposium on Intelligent Narrative Technologies. AAAI Press, Menlo Park (2007), Technical Report FS-07-05Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kolodner, J.: Case-Based Reasoning, ch. 4. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo (1993)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gelernter, D.H.: The Muse in the Machine. Fourth Estate, London (1994)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fertig, S., Gelernter, D.H.: The Design, Implementation and Performance of a Database-driven Expert System. Technical Report #851, Department of Computer Science. Yale University (1991)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sowa, J.F.: Knowledge Representation: Logical, Philosophical, and Computational Foundations. Course Technology, Boston (1999)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Townsend, G.F. (translator): Aesop’s Fables (1867), http://classics.mit.edu/Aesop/fab.html
  10. 10.
    Scharfe, H.: CANA A study in Computer Aided Narrative Analysis Ch.12. PhD dissertation, Dept. of Communication Aalborg University (2004), http://www.hum.aau.dk/~scharfe/CANA.pdf
  11. 11.
    Mann, G.A.: Control of a Navigating Rational Agent by Natural Language. PhD Thesis, School of Computer Science & Engineering, University of New South Wales (1996), http://wwwit.murdoch.edu.au/~S850124d/NL/Mann_PhD_Thesis.pdf
  12. 12.
    Schank, R.C.: The Primitive Acts of Conceptual Dependency. In: Proc. of the 1975 Workshop on Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing, Association for Computational Lingusitics, Morristown, pp. 34–37 (1975)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mineau, G.W.: Normalizing Conceptual Graphs. In: Nagle, T.E., et al. (eds.) Conceptual Structures: Current Research and Practice, pp. 339–348. Ellis Horwood, Chichester (1992)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wuwongse, V., Niyomthai, S.: Conceptual Graphs as a Framework for Case-based Reasoning. In: Proc. of the 6th Annual Workshop on Conceptual Graphs, pp. 119–133 (1990)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Plutchik, R.: A General Psychoevolutionary Theory of Emotion. In: Plutchik, R., Kellerman, H. (eds.) Emotion: Theory, Research and Experience, vol. 1, pp. 3–33. Academic Press, New York (1980)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mann, G.A.: Rational and Affective Linking Across Conceptual Cases – Without Rules. In: Delugach, H.S., Keeler, M.A., Searle, L., Lukose, D., Sowa, J.F. (eds.) ICCS 1997. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 1257, pp. 460–473. Springer, Heidelberg (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham A. Mann
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Information TechnologyMurdoch UniversityMurdoch

Personalised recommendations