Geometric Criteria for Model Reduction in Chemical Kinetics via Optimization of Trajectories
The need for reduced models of chemical kinetics is motivated by the fact that the simulation of reactive flows with detailed chemistry is generally computationally expensive. In dissipative dynamical systems different time scales cause an anisotropically contracting phase flow. Most kinetic model reduction approaches explicitly exploit this and separate the dynamics into fast and slow modes. We propose an implicit approach for the approximation of slow attracting manifolds by computing trajectories as solutions of an optimization problem suggesting a variational principle characterizing trajectories near slow attracting manifolds. The objective functional for the identification of suitable trajectories is supposed to represent the extent of relaxation of chemical forces along the trajectories which is proposed to be minimal on the slow manifold. Corresponding geometric criteria are motivated via fundamental concepts from differential geometry and physics. They are compared to each other through three kinetic reaction mechanisms.
KeywordsChemical Kinetic Model Reduction Slow Manifold Progress Variable Forward Mode
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This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) through the Collaborative Research Center (SFB) 568.
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