Integrating Environmental, Sociopolitical, Economic, and Technological Dimensions for the Assessment of Climate Policy Instruments

  • Stelios Grafakos
  • Alexandros Flamos
  • Vlasis Oikonomou
  • Dimitrios Zevgolis
Conference paper
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)


Climate policy assessments often appear to lack a multi-analytical approach capable of considering different dimensions of sustainability during policy design. This paper presents an integrated assessment framework of climate policy instrument interactions by reconciling environmental, socio-economic, political, and institutional aspects for the initial stage of policy development. Selected interacting policy instruments are categorized into their policy design characteristics, referring to parameters that describe the institutional context of each instrument. Criteria covering specific environmental, sociopolitical, macroeconomic, financial, and technological objectives for assessing the policy instruments are identified and selected. Complementarities and overlaps between different combinations of instruments are identified. These affect subsequently the likely values (scores) of policy instruments against the evaluation criteria. By applying an interactive weighting method, policy makers are able to assign weighting factors on the criteria expressing their perceptions and objectives. An overall assessment of combined instruments from these steps is therefore determined based on the input from policy makers. We found that the developed framework provides a transparent tool to stakeholders capable of highlighting potential synergies and conflicts between environmental, socio-economic, political, and technological criteria during the stage of climate policies design. The method merits further attention in group decision-making for mapping stakeholders’ preferences with diverse objectives.


Climate policy aspects Climate policy interactions Criteria weights Evaluation criteria Integrated approach Stakeholders’ perspectives 



This paper was based on research conducted within the framework of a bilateral cooperation of the University of Groningen with the National Technical University of Athens. The authors would like to acknowledge the significant help provided by stakeholders who have tested ECPI and the weighting tool and provided their fruitful comments for the current application and suggestions for its further improvement.


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Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stelios Grafakos
    • 1
  • Alexandros Flamos
    • 1
  • Vlasis Oikonomou
    • 1
  • Dimitrios Zevgolis
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS)Rotterdam Erasmus UniversityRotterdamThe Netherlands

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