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Soil Enzymes as Indication of Soil Quality

  • Ayten KaracaEmail author
  • Sema Camci Cetin
  • Oguz Can Turgay
  • Ridvan Kizilkaya
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 22)

Abstract

Soil, water and air are natural resources as well as pollution reservoirs. Soil quality can be changed by pollution, ecological perturbations and agricultural practices. Soil quality can be defined as, “the capacity of a specific kind of soil to function, within natural or managed ecosystem boundaries, to sustain plant and animal productivity, maintain or enhance water and air quality, and support human health and habitation”(Karlen et al. 1997). Preserving soil quality should be needed for sustaining of life and human nutrition. Soil enzymes are used as soil quality indicators for quick response of changes for environmental stress, pollution and agricultural practices much more sooner (1–2 year) than other soil properties (organic matter); easy to measure (relatively simple procedure), having relations with plant productivity, soil quality parameters (organic matter, soil physical properties, microbial activity, and microbial biomass), and biogeochemical cycle; and being integrative. This chapter mainly covers three distinct effects for changes in soils: (1) pollution (heavy metals, pesticides, industrial amendments or contaminants, hydrocarbons, acid precipitations, industrial air pollutants, sewage sludge, and waste usage), (2) ecological perturbations(land use, devegetation and revegetation, changing climatic conditions, and forest fires), and (3) agricultural practices (irrigation, fertilizers, amendments, different management and farming systems, crop rotation, and tillage).

Keywords

Soil Organic Matter Microbial Biomass Sewage Sludge Soil Quality Alkaline Phosphatase Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayten Karaca
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sema Camci Cetin
    • 2
  • Oguz Can Turgay
    • 1
  • Ridvan Kizilkaya
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil ScienceAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Agricultural Faculty, Soil Science DepartmentGaziosmanpasa UniversityTokatTurkey
  3. 3.Agricultural Faculty, Soil Science DepartmentOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey

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