Social Network-Based Botnet Command-and-Control: Emerging Threats and Countermeasures

  • Erhan J. Kartaltepe
  • Jose Andre Morales
  • Shouhuai Xu
  • Ravi Sandhu
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6123)


Botnets have become a major threat in cyberspace. In order to effectively combat botnets, we need to understand a botnet’s Command-and-Control (C&C), which is challenging because C&C strategies and methods evolve rapidly. Very recently, botmasters have begun to exploit social network websites (e.g., as their C&C infrastructures, which turns out to be quite stealthy because it is hard to distinguish the C&C activities from the normal social networking traffic. In this paper, we study the problem of using social networks as botnet C&C infrastructures. Treating as a starting point the current generation of social network-based botnet C&C, we envision the evolution of such C&C methods and explore social networks-based countermeasures.


Botnet command-and-control social networks security 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erhan J. Kartaltepe
    • 1
  • Jose Andre Morales
    • 1
  • Shouhuai Xu
    • 2
  • Ravi Sandhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Cyber SecurityUniversity of Texas at San Antonio 
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of Texas at San Antonio 

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