Concept Extraction Applied to the Task of Expert Finding
The Semantic Web uses formal ontologies as a key instrument in order to add structure to the data, but building domain specific ontologies is still a difficult, time consuming and error-prone process since most information is currently available as free-text. Therefore the development of fast and cheap solutions for ontology learning from text is a key factor for the success and large scale adoption of the Semantic Web. Ontology development is primarily concerned with the definition of concepts and relations between them, so one of the fundamental research problems related to ontology learning is the extraction of concepts from text. To investigate this research problem we focus on the expert finding problem, i.e, the extraction of expertise topics and their assignment to individuals. The ontological concepts we extract are a person’s skills, knowledge, behaviours, and capabilities.
For increased efficiency, competitiveness and innovation, every company has to facilitate the identification of experts among its workforce. Even though this can be achieved by using the information gathered during the employment process and through self-assessment, a person’s competencies are likely to change over time. Information about people’s expertise is contained in documents available inside an organisation such as technical reports but also in publicly available resources, e.g., research articles, wiki pages, blogs, other user-generated content. The human effort required for competency management can be reduced by automatically identifying the experts and expertise topics from text. Our goal is to explore how existing technologies for concept extraction can be advanced and specialised for extracting expertise topics from text in order to build expertise profiles.
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