Learning to Believe by Feeling: An Agent Model for an Emergent Effect of Feelings on Beliefs

  • Zulfiqar A. Memon
  • Jan Treur
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6064)


An agent’s beliefs usually depend on cognitive factors, but also affective factors may play a role. This paper presents an agent model that shows how such affective effects on beliefs can emerge and become stronger over time due to experiences obtained. In this way an effect of judgment by ‘experience’ or ‘gut feeling’ can be obtained. It is shown how based on Hebbian learning a connection from feeling to belief can develop. Some example simulation results and a mathematical analysis of the equilibria are presented.


agent model emergent effect believing feeling Hebbian learning 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zulfiqar A. Memon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jan Treur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Artificial IntelligenceVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Sukkur Institute of Business Administration (Sukkur IBA)SindhPakistan

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