Recent advances in computer animation and robotics have lead to greater and greater realism of human appearance to be obtained both on screen and in physical devices. A particular issue that has arisen in this pursuit is whether increases in realism necessarily lead to increases in acceptance. The concept of the uncanny valley suggests that high, though not perfect, levels of realism will result in poor acceptance. We review this concept and its psychological basis.


uncanny valley animation robot 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank E. Pollick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

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