Extracting Intra-domain Topology from mrinfo Probing

  • Jean-Jacques Pansiot
  • Pascal Mérindol
  • Benoit Donnet
  • Olivier Bonaventure
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6032)


Active and passive measurements for topology discovery have known an impressive growth during the last decade. If a lot of work has been done regarding inter-domain topology discovery and modeling, only a few papers raise the question of how to extract intra-domain topologies from measurements results.

In this paper, based on a large dataset collected with mrinfo, a multicast tool that silently discovers all interfaces of a router, we provide a mechanism for retrieving intra-domain topologies. The main challenge is to assign an AS number to a border router whose IP addresses are not mapped to the same AS. Our algorithm is based on probabilistic and empirical IP allocation rules. The goal of our pool of rules is to converge to a consistent router to AS mapping. We show that our router-to-AS algorithm results in a mapping in more than 99% of the cases. Furthermore, with mrinfo, point-to-point links between routers can be distinguished from multiple links attached to a switch, providing an accurate view of the collected topologies. Finally, we provide a set of large intra-domain topologies in various formats.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Donnet, B., Friedman, T.: Internet topology discovery: a survey. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials 9(4), 2–15 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gunes, M.H., Sarac, K.: Importance of IP alias resolution in sampling Internet topologies. In: Proc. IEEE Global Internet Symposium (May 2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Spring, N., Mahajan, R., Wetherall, D.: Measuring ISP topologies with Rocketfuel. In: Proc. ACM SIGCOMM (August 2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Mérindol, P., Van den Schriek, V., Donnet, B., Bonaventure, O., Pansiot, J.J.: Quantifying ASes multiconnectivity using multicast information. In: Proc. ACM USENIX Internet Measurement Conference (IMC) (November 2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pansiot, J.J.: Mrinfo dataset,
  7. 7.
    Pansiot, J., Mérindol, P., Donnet, B., Bonaventure, O.: Internet topology discovery through mrinfo probing. TR 2009-01, Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), (October 2009),
  8. 8.
    Deering, S.: Host extensions for IP multicasting. In: RFC 1112, Internet Engineering Task Force (August 1989)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao, X., Pei, D., Wang, L., Massey, D., Mankin, A., Wu, S.F., Zhang, L.: An analysis of BGP multiple origin AS (MOAS) conflicts. In: Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Workshop (IMW) (October 2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Claffy, K., Hyun, Y., Keys, K., Fomenkov, M., Krioukov, D.: Internet mapping: from art to science. In: Proc. IEEE Cybersecurity Applications and Technologies Conference for Homeland Security CATCH (March 2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Zhang, M., Ruan, Y., Pai, V., Rexford, J.: How DNS misnaming distorts internet topology mapping. In: Proc. USENIX Annual Technical Conference (May/June 2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Teixeira, R., Marzullo, K., Savage, S., Voelker, G.: In search of path diversity in ISP networks. In: Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Conference (IMC) (October 2003)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sherwood, R., Bender, A., Spring, N.: DisCarte: A disjunctive Internet cartographer. In: Proc. ACM SIGCOMM (August 2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mao, Z.M., Rexford, J., Wang, J., Katz, R.H.: Towards an accurate AS-level traceroute tool. In: Proc. ACM SIGCOMM (August 2003)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mao, Z., Johnson, D., Rexford, J., Wang, J., Katz, R.: Scalable and accurate identification of AS-level forwarding paths. In: Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (April 2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Jacques Pansiot
    • 1
  • Pascal Mérindol
    • 2
  • Benoit Donnet
    • 2
  • Olivier Bonaventure
    • 2
  1. 1.Université de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Université catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

Personalised recommendations