Towards Spatial Data Infrastructures in the Clouds

  • Bastian SchäfferEmail author
  • Bastian Baranski
  • Theodor Foerster
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC, volume 0)


Cloud Computing is one of the latest hypes in the mainstream IT world. In this context, Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) have not been considered yet. This paper reviews this novel technology and identifies the paradigm behind it with regard to SDIs. Concepts of SDIs are analyzed in respect to common gaps which can be solved by Cloud Computing technologies. A real world use case will be presented, which benefits largely from Cloud Computing as a proof-of-concept demonstration. This use case shows that SDI components can be integrated into the cloud as value-added services. Thereby SDI components are shifted from a Software as a Service cloud layer to the Platform as a Service cloud layer, which can be regarded as a future direction for SDIs to enable geospatial cloud interoperability.


Cloud Computing Cloud Provider Cloud Infrastructure Cloud User Spatial Data Infrastructure Spatial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American National Institut of Standards and Technology (ANSI) (2009) NIST Definition of Cloud Computing. [Online] Available:
  2. Bernard, L. and Streit, U. (2002) Geodateninfrastrukturen und GI- Dienste – Aktueller Forschungsstand und Forschungsprobleme. In: Seyfert, E. [Ed..] 22. Wissenschaftlich-Technische Jahrestagung der DGPF: 11-20, Neubrandenburg.Google Scholar
  3. Bernard L, Fitzke J, Wagner R (2005) Geodateninfrastruktur – Grundlagen und Anwendungen. Wichmann, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  4. Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie (BKG) (2003) Geoinformation und moderner Staat. Interministerieller Ausschuss für Geoinformation (IMAGI), Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  5. Cappadozzi E (2008) The cost of a national SDI for Italy. [Online] Available:
  6. Craglia M (2009) From INSPIRE to Digital Earth: Research Challenges for the Next Generation Spatial Data Infrastructures. In: Proceedings of the 12th AGILE Conference - Hannover, Germany.Google Scholar
  7. Dean J, Ghemawat S (2004) Mapreduce: Simplified data processing on large clusters. [Online]. Available:
  8. European Council (2007) Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE). In: Official Journal of the European Union, Vol 50, Brussels.Google Scholar
  9. Foster I, Zhao Y, Raicu I, Lu S (2008) Cloud computing and grid computing 360- degree compared. [Online]. Available:
  10. Gartner (2008) Gartner Says Cloud Computing Will Be As Influential As E-business. Gartner Press Release. [Online] Available
  11. Gartner (2009a) Gartner Says Cloud Application Infrastructure Technologies Need Seven Years to Mature. Gartner Press Release. [Online]. Available:
  12. Gartner (2009b) Outsourcing trip report. Gartner Press Release. Gartner Press Release. [Online]. Available:
  13. GDI-DE (2007) Architektur der Geodateninfrastruktur Deutschland. [Online]. Available:
  14. Geoconnections (2004) Guide to the Canadian Spatial Data Infrastructure. [Online]. Available:
  15. Hartig K (2008) What is Cloud Computing? The cloud is a virtualization of resources that maintains and manages itself. .In: NET Developers Journal, SYS-CON Media.Google Scholar
  16. INSPIRE (2007) INSPIRE Network Services Performance Guidelines, INSPIRE Consolidation Team, European Commission.Google Scholar
  17. INSPIRE (2008) INSPIRE Network Services Architecture. Network Services Drafting Team, European CommissionGoogle Scholar
  18. Jarmbaek J (2009) The Danish Way, Development of the Danish Infrastructure for Spatial Information Through Binding Collaboration. In: Proceedings of GSDI 11 World Conference, 2009, Rotterdam, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  19. Juliao R (2009) Portugal and Spain Twin SDI's - From National Projects to an Iberian SDI. In: Proceedings of GSDI 11 World Conference, 2009, Rotterdam, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  20. Kiehle C, Greve K, Heier C (2007) Requirements for Next Generation Spatial Data Infrastructures-Standardized Web Based Geoprocessing and Web Service Orchestration. In: Transactions in GIS 11(6):819–834, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9671.2007.01076.xGoogle Scholar
  21. McLaughlin J, Groot R (2000) Geospatial data infrastructure: concepts, cases and good practice. In: Spatial Information Systems and Geostatistics Series, University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  22. Micus (2004) The market for geospatial information - potentials for employment, innovation and value added. [Online]. Available:
  23. Myerson J (2008) Cloud computing versus grid computing - Service types, similarities and differences, and things to consider, IBM Corporation. [Online] Available:
  24. Ollén J (2003) Spatial Data Infrastructure - A Tool for Growth and Suistanable Development in Europe. From OEEPE to EuroSDR: 50 years of European Spatial Data Research and beyond - Seminar of Honour, (eds.) C. Heipke, EuroSDR, Munich, Germany, Nr. 46,. 23-29.Google Scholar
  25. Onsrud H (2007) Research and Theory in Advancing Spatial Data Infrastructure Concepts. ESRI Press, Redlands.Google Scholar
  26. Schäffer B, Baranski B, Foerster T, Brauner J (2009) A Service-Oriented Framework for Real-time and Distributed Geoprocessing. In: Proceedings of the International Opensource Geospatial Research Symposium, 2009 (not published yet)Google Scholar
  27. Scholten M, Klamma R, Kiehle C (2006) Evaluating performance in spatial data infrastructures for geoprocessing. In: IEEE InternetComputing 10, no. 5 (October 2006): 34-41, doi:10.1109/MIC.2006.97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sun Microsystems Inc. (2009) Cloud Computing at a higher level. [Online] Available:
  29. USGS (2005). The National Spatial Data Infrastructure. [Online] Available:
  30. Wigberg, H.-E. (2002) The Swedish National Spatial Data Infrastructure [Online] Available:

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bastian Schäffer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bastian Baranski
    • 1
  • Theodor Foerster
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for GeoinformaticsUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth ObservationEnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations