Application of Synchrotron X-ray Techniques for the Determination of Metal Speciation in (House) Dust Particles

  • Lachlan C. W. MacLean
  • Suzanne Beauchemin
  • Pat E. Rasmussen
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

An overview of synchrotron radiation-based X-ray absorption and scattering techniques for characterizing the speciation of metals in complex, heterogeneous samples, such as house dust, is presented. The complementary techniques are demonstrated on a house dust sample elevated in Pb (1,670 mg kg−1). The X-ray techniques successfully identified the speciation and sources of Pb in house dust samples, and provided an explanation for the observed high Pb bioaccessibility. Ultimately, this approach has the potential to fingerprint the various sources of metals and metalloids in houses (outdoor vs. indoor) and help determine any transformation processes that these compounds may undergo inside a building. Understanding these sources and processes will have important implications for risk management within the indoor environment.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lachlan C. W. MacLean
    • 1
  • Suzanne Beauchemin
    • 2
  • Pat E. Rasmussen
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Health Canada, Environmental Health Science and Research BureauOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Natural Resources Canada, CANMET-MMSLOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Earth Sciences DepartmentUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

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