Application of Synchrotron X-ray Techniques for the Determination of Metal Speciation in (House) Dust Particles

  • Lachlan C. W. MacLeanEmail author
  • Suzanne Beauchemin
  • Pat E. Rasmussen
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


An overview of synchrotron radiation-based X-ray absorption and scattering techniques for characterizing the speciation of metals in complex, heterogeneous samples, such as house dust, is presented. The complementary techniques are demonstrated on a house dust sample elevated in Pb (1,670 mg kg−1). The X-ray techniques successfully identified the speciation and sources of Pb in house dust samples, and provided an explanation for the observed high Pb bioaccessibility. Ultimately, this approach has the potential to fingerprint the various sources of metals and metalloids in houses (outdoor vs. indoor) and help determine any transformation processes that these compounds may undergo inside a building. Understanding these sources and processes will have important implications for risk management within the indoor environment.


Inductively Couple Plasma Mass Spectrometry Dust Sample Indoor Dust Crystalline Iron Oxide Linear Combination Fitting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Funding for this project comes from Health Canada’s Chemicals Management Plan Surveillance and Monitoring Fund (ref. no. CRRS/SDRC: 4500177216). XAFS spectroscopy was conducted at the beamline X-11A at the National Synchrotron Light Source, which is supported by the US Department of Energy, Division of Material Sciences and Division of Chemical Sciences, under contract number DE-AC02-98CH10886. The beamline X-11 is supported by the Office of Naval Research and contributions from Participating Research Team (PRT) members. The authors are very grateful to Dr. Kumi Pandya for her help with the set-up at the beamline. Micro-XRF and micro-XRD experiments were performed at GeoSoilEnviroCARS (Sector 13), Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory. GeoSoilEnviroCARS is supported by the National Science Foundation—Earth Sciences (EAR-0622171) and Department of Energy—Geosciences (DE-FG02-94ER14466). Use of the Advanced Photon Source was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. In addition, Matt Newville and Nancy Lazarz are thanked for their help during the experimental runs at 13-ID. Sincere thanks are extended to Christine Lévesque and Marc Chénier for the chemical characterization of the selected samples (Health Canada, Ottawa). The contribution of Ted MacKinnon for sample preparation for XAFS analysis and Dr. John Wilson for part of the XRD analysis on the standards (CANMET-MMSL, Ottawa) are acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lachlan C. W. MacLean
    • 1
    Email author
  • Suzanne Beauchemin
    • 2
  • Pat E. Rasmussen
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Health Canada, Environmental Health Science and Research BureauOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Natural Resources Canada, CANMET-MMSLOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Earth Sciences DepartmentUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

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