Advertisement

Stereoscopic 3-D solutions for online maps and virtual globes

  • Manfred F. Buchroithner
  • Maged N. Kamel Boulos
  • Larry R Robinson
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Because our pupils are about 6.5 cm apart, each eye views a scene from a different angle and sends a unique image to the visual cortex, which then merges the images from both eyes into a single picture. The slight difference between the right and left images allows the brain to properly perceive the ‘third dimension’ or depth in a scene (stereopsis). However, when a person views a conventional 2-D (two-dimensional) image representation of a 3-D (three-dimensional) scene on a conventional computer screen, each eye receives essentially the same information. Depth in such cases can only be approximately inferred from visual clues in the image, such as perspective, as only one image is offered to both eyes. The goal of stereoscopic 3-D displays is to project a slightly different image into each eye to achieve a much truer and realistic perception of depth, of different scene planes, and of object relief. This paper presents a brief review of a number of stereoscopic 3-D hardware and software solutions for creating and displaying online maps and virtual globes (such as Google Earth) in “true 3D”, with costs ranging from almost free to multi-thousand pounds sterling. A practical account is also given of the experience of the USGS BRD UMESC (United States Geological Survey's Biological Resources Division, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center) in setting up a low-cost, full-colour stereoscopic 3-D system.

Keywords

NVIDIA 3D Vision stereoscopic 3D hardware stereoscopic 3D online maps stereoscopic 3D software stereoscopic 3D technologies stereoscopic 3D virtual globes 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Artamonov O: iZ3D Stereoscopic Monitor Review. X-bit labs 2008 Oct 26, online [http://www.xbitlabs.com/articles/monitors/display/iz3d.html]
  2. Alioscopy 3-D Lenticular Array HD 24” Display - Data Sheet [http://www.alioscopy.eu/fr/pdf/ENG/Alioscopy_HD24_DataSheet.pdf]
  3. Bohnenstiehl K: Stereo Feature Collection Software for GIS: From 2-D to 3-D Databases. GISCafe 2002 Jun, online [http://www.gisvisionmag.com/vision.php?article=200206%2Freview.html]
  4. Borland J: 3-D Viewing without Goofy Glasses. MIT Technology Review 2008 Jun 12, online [http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/20892/page2/]
  5. Chinnock C: Philips Decides to Shut Down 3D Operation. Display Daily 2009 Mar 27, online [http://displaydaily.com/2009/03/27/philips-decides-to-shut-down-3d-operation/]
  6. Colour, half colour and Dubois anaglyphs [http://stereo.jpn.org/eng/stphmkr/help/stereo_04.htm]
  7. DAT/EM Systems International: The Height of Stereoplotter Technology [http://www.datem.com/products/DATEM_Systems_summit_evolution.htm]
  8. Dimension Technologies Inc. [http://www.dti3d.com/]
  9. Doneus M, Hanke K: Anaglyph images - still a good way to look at 3D-objects? In Proceedings of the 17th CIPA Colloquium: Mapping and Preservation for the New Millenium: 3-6 October 1999; Olinda, Brazil [http://cipa.icomos.org/fileadmin/papers/olinda/99c411.pdf]
  10. Environmental Management Program - USACE Rock Island [http://www.mvr.usace.army.mil/EMP/]
  11. True-3D in Cartography: 1st International Conference on 3D Maps: 24–28 August2009; Dresden, Germany [http://kartographie.geo.tu-dresden.de/true3Dincartography09/]
  12. Harbour B: Create Anaglyphs Using ArcScene. Redlands, CA: ESRI; 2004 [http://www.esri.com/news/arcuser/0704/files/anaglyphs.pdf]
  13. Humphries M: New 3M optical film makes 3D on mobiles simple without glasses. Geek.com 2009 Oct 8, online [http://www.geek.com/articles/mobile/new-3m-optical-film-makes-3d-on-mobiles-simple-without-glasses-2009108/]
  14. Iwamoto T, Tatezono M, Hoshi T, Shinoda H: Airborne Ultrasound Tactile Display. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2008: New Tech Demos, Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques: 11–15 August 2008; Los Angeles, California [http://www.alab.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~siggraph/09/TouchableHolography/SIGGRAPH08_abst.pdf]
  15. iZ3D Display Drivers [http://www.iz3d.com/driver]
  16. iZ3D Monitor and Polarized Glasses [http://www.iz3d.com/products]
  17. Jones WD: Touch Screens With Feeling: Engineers add texture to touch-screen devices. IEEE Spectrum 2009 May, online [http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/computing/hardware/touch-screens-with-feeling]
  18. Lin T-T, Hsiung Y-K, Hong G-L, Chang H-K, Lu F-M: Development of a virtual reality GIS using stereo vision. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 2008, 63(1): 38–48 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2008.01.017]
  19. Multi-Touch with 3D on NASA World Wind [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WC84k8hTbWQ]
  20. NASA World Wind Anaglyph Stereo (launch with Java Web Start) [http://worldwind.arc.nasa.gov/java/demos/AnaglyphStereo.jnlp]
  21. NASA World Wind Java SDK [http://worldwind.arc.nasa.gov/java/]
  22. NVIDIA 3D Vision and Samsung SyncMaster 2233RZ 120Hz LCD bundle [http://www.nvidia.com/object/product_GeForce_3D_VisionBundle_us.html]
  23. NVIDIA 3D Vision Experience (Product Comparison) [http://www.nvidia.com/object/3D_Vision_Overview.html]
  24. NVIDIA 3D Vision-Ready displays devices [http://www.nvidia.com/object/3D_Vision_Requirements.html]
  25. Opel W, Bergmann M: Dynamic 3D Data Visualization with Autostereoscopic Displays: Recent Developments in Hard- and Software. Presented at 1st International Conference on 3D Maps: 24-28 August 2009; Dresden, Germany[http://kartographie.geo.tu-dresden.de/true3Dincartography09/download/20090826_Dynamic_3D_Data_ Visualization_with_Autostereoscopic_Displays_MikeBergmann_SpatialView.pdf]
  26. Parviz BA: Augmented Reality in a Contact Lens: A new generation of contact lenses built with very small circuits and LEDs promises bionic eyesight. IEEE Spectrum 2009 Sep, online [http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/biomedical/bionics/augmented-reality-in-a-contact-lens/0]
  27. Pendleton C: Microsoft Touch Pack for Windows 7 Features Virtual Earth. Bing Maps Blog 2009 May 27, online [http://www.bing.com/community/blogs/maps/archive/2009/05/27/microsoft-touch-pack-for-windows-7-features-virtual-earth.aspx]
  28. Philips 3D Solutions: Autostereoscopic 3D Display Family Documentation [http://www.business-sites.philips.com/3dsolutions/servicesupport/docs/docs.page]
  29. Philips 3D Solutions: Technology Backgrounder—WOWvx for amazing viewing experiences [http://www.dimensionalstudios.com/downloads/Philips_3D_Background.PDF]
  30. Planar 3D : Stereoscopic Displays - SD2220W [http://www.planar3d.com/3d-products/sd2220w/]
  31. SeeReal Technologies [http://www.seereal.com/]
  32. Show/Edit GEO tags (StereoPhoto Maker) [http://stereo.jpn.org/eng/stphmkr/help/geotag.htm]
  33. Mobile glasses-free 3D on iPhone and iPod Touch - Spatial View Inc. (September 2009) [http://www.spatialview.com/en/node/534]
  34. Stereo Google Earth (StereoPhoto Maker) [http://stereo.jpn.org/eng/stphmkr/help/ge.htm]
  35. StereoGIS - SimWright, Inc. [http://www.simwright.com/stereogis.htm]
  36. TriDef Visualizer for Google Earth [http://www.tridef.com/promotions/google-earth.html]
  37. Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center - Long Term Resource Monitoring Program [http://www.umesc.usgs.gov/ltrmp.html]
  38. United States Geological Survey's Biological Resources Division, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center [http://www.umesc.usgs.gov/]
  39. Welch GF, Sonnenwald DH, Fuchs H, Cairns B, Mayer-Patel K, Söderholm HM, Yang R, State A, Towles H, Ilie A, Ampalam MK, Krishnan S, Noel V, Noland M, Manning JE: 3D Medical Collaboration Technology to Enhance Emergency Healthcare. J Biomed Discov Collab 2009 Apr 19, 4: 4 [http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/jbdc/article/download/24 66/2218]
  40. Wheatstone C: Contributions to the Physiology of Vision—Part the First: On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, Phenomena of Binocular Vision. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 1838, 128: 371–39 [http://www.stereoscopy.com/library/wheatstone-paper1838.html]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zalman 3D Monitors [http://zalman.com/ENG/product/CategorySecond_Pic.asp? categoryname=3D%20Monitors]

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred F. Buchroithner
    • 1
  • Maged N. Kamel Boulos
    • 2
  • Larry R Robinson
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for CartographyDresden University of TechnologyDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of HealthUniversity of PlymouthPlymouthUK
  3. 3.Geospatial Sciences and Technologies BranchUSGS-BRD-Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences CenterLa CrosseUSA

Personalised recommendations