Modelling Illocutionary Structure: Combining Empirical Studies with Formal Model Analysis

  • Hui Shi
  • Robert J. Ross
  • Thora Tenbrink
  • John Bateman
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6008)

Abstract

In this paper we revisit the topic of dialogue grammars at the illocutionary force level and present a new approach to the formal modelling, evaluation and comparison of these models based on recursive transition networks. Through the use of appropriate tools such finite-state grammars can be formally analysed and validated against empirically collected corpora. To illustrate our approach we show: (a) the construction of human-human dialogue grammars on the basis of recently collected natural language dialogues in joint-task situations; and (b) the evaluation and comparison of these dialogue grammars using formal methods. This work provides a novel basis for developing and evaluating dialogue grammars as well as for engineering corpus-tailored dialogue managers which can be verified for adequacy.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Alexandersson, J., Heisterkamp, P.: Some Notes on the complexity of Dialogues. In: Dybkjaer, L., Hasida, K., Traum, D. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACL 2000 workshop 1st Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue, Hong Kong (2000)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anderson, A.H., Bader, M., Bard, E., Boyle, E., Doherty, G., Garrod, S., Isard, S., Kowtko, J., McAllister, J., Miller, J., Sotillo, C., Thompson, H., Weinert, R.: The HCRC Map task Corpus. Language and Speech 34(4), 351–366 (1991)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Austin, J.L.: How to do things with words. Harvard University Press (1962)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bordini, R.H., Dennis, L.A., Farwer, B., Fisher, M.: Automated verification of multi-agent programs. In: 23rd International Conference on Automated Software Engineering, pp. 69–78. IEEE, Los Alamitos (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eggins, S.: An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics, 2nd edn. Continuum (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    FS00. Failures Divergence Refinement FDR2 Preliminary Manual. Formal Systems (Europe) Ltd. (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Geertzen, J.: Dialogue Act Prediction Using Stochastic Context-Free Grammar Induction. In: Proceedings of the EACL 2009 Workshop on Computational Linguistic Aspects of Grammatical Inference, Athens, Greece, March 2009, pp. 7–15. Association for Computational Linguistics (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grosz, B.J., Sidner, C.L.: Attention, Intentions and the Structure of Discourse. Computational Linguistics 12(3), 175–204 (1986)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hoare, C.A.R.: Communicating Sequential Processes. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1985)MATHGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Houghton, G.: The Production of Language in Discourse: A Computational Model. PhD thesis, University of Sussex (1986)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kita, K., Fukui, Y., Nagata, M., Morimoto, T.: Automatic Acquisition of Probabilistic Dialogue Models. In: Proceedings of ICSLP 1996, Philadelphia, PA, October 1996, vol. 1, pp. 196–199 (1996)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lewin, I., Lane, M.: A Formal Model of Conversational Game Theory. In: Fourth Workshop on the Semantics & Pragmantics of Dialogue, Gothenburg, Sweeden (2000)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Martin, J.R.: English text: systems and structure. Benjamins, Amsterdam (1992)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    McTear, M.F.: Spoken dialogue technology: Enabling the conversational user interface. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR) 34(1), 90–169 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Parsons, S., Wooldridge, M., Amgound, L.: Properties and complexity of formal inter-agent dialogues. Journal of Logic and Computation 13(3), 347–376 (2003)MATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Perrault, C.R., Allen, J.F.: A plan-based analysis of indirect speech acts. American Journal of Computational Linguistics 6(3-4), 167–182 (1980)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Poesio, M., Mikheev, A.: The predictive power of game structure in dialogue act recognition: Experimental results using maximum entropy estimation. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech and Language Processing (ICSLP 1998), Australia (1998)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Power, R.: The organisation of purposeful dialogues. Linguistics 17, 107–151 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Roscoe, A.W.: The Theory and Practice of Concurrency. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1998)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Searle, J.: Speech Acts. Cambridge Univesity Press, Cambridge (1969)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shi, H., Ross, R.J., Bateman, J.: Formalising control in robust spoken dialogue systems. In: Aichernig, B.K., Beckert, B. (eds.) Proceedings of Software Engineering & Formal Methods 2005, pp. 332–341. IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos (2005)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sitter, S., Stein, A.: Modeling Information-Seeking Dialogues: The Conversational Roles Model. Review of Information Science 1(1) (1996)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Traum, D.R., Allen, J.F.: Discourse obligations in dialogue processing. In: 32nd. Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, pp. 1–8 (1994)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Walton, C.D.: Model checking agent dialogues. In: Leite, J., Omicini, A., Torroni, P., Yolum, p. (eds.) DALT 2004. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 3476, pp. 132–147. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Walton, C.D.: Verifiable agent dialogues. Journal of Applied Logic 5(2), 197–213 (2007)MATHCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Winograd, T., Flores, F.: Understanding computers and cognition: a new foundation for design. Ablex, Norwood (1986)MATHGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Xu, W., Xu, B., Huang, T., Xia, H.: Bridging the gap between dialogue management and dialogue models. In: Proceedings of the Third SIGdial Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue, Philadelphia, USA, pp. 201–210 (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Shi
    • 2
  • Robert J. Ross
    • 1
  • Thora Tenbrink
    • 1
  • John Bateman
    • 1
  1. 1.SFB/TR8 Spatial CognitionUniversität BremenGermany
  2. 2.DFKI BremenGermany

Personalised recommendations