Usability and Culture as Two of the Value Criteria for Evaluating the Artifact

A New Perspective from the Artifact Development Analysis (ADA)
  • Masaaki Kurosu
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 316)


In this paper, the conceptual framework of the Artifact Development Analysis (ADA) and its relationship to the usability engineering are outlined. The ADA analyses the significance of all artifacts including hardware, software, humanware and system. Its viewpoint extends both in temporal and spatial dimensions. In short, it deals with the diversity of the artifact and casts the questions "why it is so" and "why it is not so". In this respect, the ADA is related to the usability engineering as one of the value attitudes. The usability engineering puts emphasis on effectiveness and efficiency. The usability is not always the value criterion of highest importance and some people sometimes put more emphasis on other criteria such as the aesthetic aspect, the cost, etc. Based on the findings of ADA, we should focus on the extent where the usability can provide the core satisfaction and we should also summarize the guideline on how the artifact should be designed.


Artifact development analysis culture usability value system design user engineering 


  1. 1.
    Nielsen, J.: Usability Engineering. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco (1993)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    ISO9241-11:1998 Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work with Visual Display Terminals (VDTs) - Guidance on Usability (1998)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kurosu, M.: A proposal for the Artifact Development Analysis. Journal of Human Centered Design 3(1) (2007) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kurosu, M.: An approach to the Artifact Development Analysis. In: Human Interface Symposium 2007 (2007) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kurosu, M.: Structure of artifact development for the achievement of goal. In: Proceedings of Japanese Psychological Association 2007 (2007) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kurosu, M.: Optimality of design from the scope of artifact development. SIG USE of Human Interface Society (2007) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kurosu, M., Hashizume, A.: Selection of the communication media and its dependency on the situation. Journal of Human Centered Design 4(1) (2008) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kurosu, M., Ando, M.: Non-selection and waste of artifact. Proceedings of Japanese Psychological Association (2008) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Spranger, E.: Lebensformen. Niemeyer, Halle (1914) (translated by Pigors, P.J.W. NY: G..E. Stechert Co.)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lewis, E.S.E.: Financial Advertising (1908); Reprint: Garland Pub., N.Y. & London (1985)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sheldon, A.F.: The Art of Selling. The Sheldon School, Chicago (1911)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Howard, J.A., Sheth, J.N.: The Theory of Buyer Behavior. Wiley, Chichester (1969)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Engel, J.F., Blackwell, R.D., Kollat, D.T.: Consumer Behavior. Holt Rinehart and Winston (1978)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Blackwell, R.D., Engel, J.F., Miniard, P.W.: Consumer Behaviour, South Western, Div of Thomson Learing International (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Asai: A research on the value attitude questionnaire 2. Proceedings of Japanese Educational Psychology Organization, 510–511 (1974) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sakai: Individual difference for the value concept and the background: A study based on the value scale. Proceedings of Japanese Educational Psychology 49(1), 102–111 (2001) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Riesman, D.: Culture and Social Character: The Work of David Riesman Reviewed. Free Press (1961)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Riesman, D.: The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character. Yale Univ. Press (1969)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    ISO 13407:1999 Human-Centred Design Processes for Interactive Systems (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masaaki Kurosu
    • 1
  1. 1.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Hayama-shi, Kanagawa, Japan, The Open University of JapanChibaJapan

Personalised recommendations