Alloplastic Implants for the Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence and Pelvic Organ Prolapse

  • T. Kavvadias
  • U. Klinge
  • B. Schuessler


Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the complaint of involuntary leakage with effort or exertion or with sneezing or coughing [1]. Urethral hypermobility, which permits urethral opening during stress, as well as insufficiency of the urethral sphincter seem to be the two main contributing factors that lead to the above mentioned symptoms [2]. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP)—which is defined as protrusion of the anterior vaginal wall, the vaginal cuff, and the posterior vaginal wall, thus including the bladder, enterocele, or rectumoften shows a strong correlation with lower urinary tract symptoms in women [3]. Apart from the objective findings, symptoms of POP are heaviness, a dragging sensation, and the need to digitally replace the prolapse in order to defecate or micturate [1]. POP development is multifactorial; vaginal childbirth, advancing age, and increased body mass index seem to be the most consistent risk factors [4].


Stress Urinary Incontinence Pelvic Organ Prolapse Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Anterior Vaginal Wall Vaginal Cuff 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kavvadias
    • 1
  • U. Klinge
    • 2
  • B. Schuessler
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyLucerne Cantonal HospitalLucerneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute for Applied Medical Engineering Helmholtz Institute for Applied Medical TechnologyRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

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