Supercentenarians in the Nordic Countries
The Nordic countries have a well-developed system of population registration that goes back several hundred years, making it possible to verify individuals with extreme ages. In this chapter, we briey describe the history of population registration and procedures for registration of births and deaths in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Historically, the church has played a central part in the registration of births and deaths in all countries, and national population registers have emerged in all countries in the second half of the 20th century. Based on statistical reports from the national statistical offices, the movement in the numbers of extremely long-lived individuals, like centenarians and supercentenarians (aged 110 years and above) can be followed. However, in order to accurately describe this development, we must first verify the ages of extremely long-lived individuals. It is, therefore, imperative that we are able to identify the persons in question. For research purposes, identification of these very long-lived persons is possible from the population registers. We report basic data on the supercentenarians identified in the four Nordic countries since 1980, together with verification status. In addition, we provide an example that illustrates the importance of being able to identify the individuals.
KeywordsPopulation Register Nordic Country Demographic Event Birth Registration Civil Registration System
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