Pericardial Access and Drainage: Standard Techniques

  • Bernhard Maisch
  • Arsen D. Ristić
  • Petar M. Seferović
  • Teresa S. M. Tsang


During more than 200 years of practice of pericardial drainage in the history of medicine physicians had to select either an open surgical approach or blind pericardiocentesis, mainly according to the personal preferences and training. In the absence of valid imaging the open approach was safer regarding the risk of puncturing the cardiac chambers instead of the effusion, the second approach had the lower risk for secondary infection.


Pericardial Effusion Cardiac Tamponade Catheter Drainage Pericardial Fluid Pigtail Catheter 
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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard Maisch
    • 1
  • Arsen D. Ristić
    • 2
  • Petar M. Seferović
    • 3
  • Teresa S. M. Tsang
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine – CardiologyPhilipps University MarburgMarburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Clinical Center of SerbiaBelgrade University School of MedicineBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Department of Cardiology Clinical Center of SerbiaBelgrade University School of MedicineBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.Diamond Health Care CentreUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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