Two Edge Modification Problems without Polynomial Kernels

  • Stefan Kratsch
  • Magnus Wahlström
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5917)


Given a graph G and an integer k, the Π Edge Completion/Editing/Deletion problem asks whether it is possible to add, edit, or delete at most k edges in G such that one obtains a graph that fulfills the property Π. Edge modification problems have received considerable interest from a parameterized point of view. When parameterized by k, many of these problems turned out to be fixed-parameter tractable and some are known to admit polynomial kernelizations, i.e., efficient preprocessing with a size guarantee that is polynomial in k. This paper answers an open problem posed by Cai (IWPEC 2006), namely, whether the Π Edge Deletion problem, parameterized by the number of deletions, admits a polynomial kernelization when Π can be characterized by a finite set of forbidden induced subgraphs. We answer this question negatively based on recent work by Bodlaender et al. (ICALP 2008) which provided a framework for proving polynomial lower bounds for kernelizability. We present a graph H on seven vertices such that \(\mathcal{H}\)-free Edge Deletion and H-free Edge Editing do not admit polynomial kernelizations, unless \(\mbox{NP}\subseteq \mbox{coNP}/\mbox{poly}\). The application of the framework is not immediate and requires a lower bound for a Not-1-in-3 SAT problem that may be of independent interest.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Kratsch
    • 1
  • Magnus Wahlström
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für InformatikSaarbrückenGermany

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