LODE: Linking Open Descriptions of Events

  • Ryan Shaw
  • Raphaël Troncy
  • Lynda Hardman
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5926)


People conventionally refer to an action or occurrence taking place at a certain time at a specific location as an event. This notion is potentially useful for connecting individual facts recorded in the rapidly growing collection of linked data sets and for discovering more complex relationships between data. In this paper, we provide an overview and comparison of existing event models, looking at the different choices they make of how to represent events. We describe a model for publishing records of events as Linked Data. We present tools for populating this model and a prototype “event directory” web service, which can be used to locate stable URIs for events that have occurred, provide RDFS+OWL descriptions and link to related resources.


Event Instance Event Concept Datatype Property Event Ontology Foundational Ontology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Arndt, R., Troncy, R., Staab, S., Hardman, L., Vacura, M.: COMM: Designing a Well-Founded Multimedia Ontology for the Web. In: Aberer, K., Choi, K.-S., Noy, N., Allemang, D., Lee, K.-I., Nixon, L.J.B., Golbeck, J., Mika, P., Maynard, D., Mizoguchi, R., Schreiber, G., Cudré-Mauroux, P. (eds.) ASWC 2007 and ISWC 2007. LNCS, vol. 4825, pp. 30–43. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Doerr, M.: The CIDOC Conceptual Reference Module: An Ontological Approach to Semantic Interoperability of Metadata. AI Magazine 24(3), 75–92 (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gangemi, A., Mika, P.: Understanding the Semantic Web through Descriptions and Situations. In: Meersman, R., Tari, Z., Schmidt, D.C. (eds.) CoopIS 2003, DOA 2003, and ODBASE 2003. LNCS, vol. 2888, pp. 689–706. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hildebrand, M., van Ossenbruggen, J., Hardman, L.: /facet: A Browser for Heterogeneous Semantic Web Repositories. In: Cruz, I., Decker, S., Allemang, D., Preist, C., Schwabe, D., Mika, P., Uschold, M., Aroyo, L.M. (eds.) ISWC 2006. LNCS, vol. 4273, pp. 272–285. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hobbs, J., Pan, F.: Time Ontology in OWL. W3C Working Draft (2006),
  6. 6.
    Lagoze, C., Hunter, J.: The ABC Ontology and Model. Journal of Digital Information (JoDI) 2(2) (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Raimond, Y., Abdallah, S., Sandler, M., Giasson, F.: The Music Ontology. In: 8th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR 2007), Vienna, Austria (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Scherp, A., Franz, T., Saathoff, C., Staab, S.: F—A Model of Events based on the Foundational Ontology DOLCE+ Ultra Light. In: 5th International Conference on Knowledge Capture (K-CAP 2009), Redondo Beach, California, USA (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shaw, R., Larson, R.: Event Representation in Temporal and Geographic Context. In: Christensen-Dalsgaard, B., Castelli, D., Ammitzbøll Jurik, B., Lippincott, J. (eds.) ECDL 2008. LNCS, vol. 5173, pp. 415–418. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Troncy, R.: Bringing The IPTC News Architecture into the Semantic Web. In: Sheth, A.P., Staab, S., Dean, M., Paolucci, M., Maynard, D., Finin, T., Thirunarayan, K. (eds.) ISWC 2008. LNCS, vol. 5318, pp. 483–498. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    van Hage, W., Malaisé, V., de Vries, G., Schreiber, G., van Someren, M.: Combining Ship Trajectories and Semantics with the Simple Event Model (SEM). In: 1st ACM International Workshop on Events in Multimedia (EiMM 2009), Beijing, China (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wielemaker, J., Hildebrand, M., van Ossenbruggen, J., Schreiber, G.: Thesaurus-based search in large heterogeneous collections. In: Sheth, A.P., Staab, S., Dean, M., Paolucci, M., Maynard, D., Finin, T., Thirunarayan, K. (eds.) ISWC 2008. LNCS, vol. 5318, pp. 695–708. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan Shaw
    • 1
  • Raphaël Troncy
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lynda Hardman
    • 3
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.EURECOMSophia AntipolisFrance
  3. 3.CWIAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations