On the Structure of Protocols for Magic State Distillation
We present a theorem that shows that all useful protocols for magic state distillation output states with a fidelity that is upper-bounded by those generated by a much smaller class of protocols. This reduced class consists of the protocols where multiple copies of a state are projected onto a stabilizer codespace and the logical qubit is then decoded.
KeywordsSingle Qubit Pauli Operator Bloch Sphere Quantum Error Correction Kraus Operator
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