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Applications of Sr Isotopes in Archaeology

  • N. M. SlovakEmail author
  • A. Paytan
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Isotope Geochemistry book series (ADISOTOPE)

Abstract

The inclusion of radiogenic strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) analysis in archaeological and bioarchaeological research has resulted in the creation of new data by which to evaluate models of migration, culture change, colonization, trade, and exchange. Overwhelmingly, archaeologists have used radiogenic strontium isotope signatures in human enamel and bone apatite to reconstruct ancient mobility patterns and to distinguish between individuals of local and non-local origins at archaeological sites. The method also has been employed to establish the provenience of artifacts, ancient building materials, and foodstuffs as well as to track the origins and migratory patterns of prehistoric animals. The present chapter provides an introduction to the fundamental principles, approaches, applications, and future directions of radiogenic strontium isotope analysis in archaeology.

Keywords

Residential Mobility Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Tooth Enamel Strontium Isotope Enamel Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Dr. Mark Baskaran (Wayne State University) for inviting us to contribute to this volume. We also thank the various grant agencies, especially the National Science Foundation, for their continued financial support of isotopic studies in archaeology. Thanks as well to Elsevier for granting permission to reprint various figures from the Journal of Archaeological Science free of charge. We appreciate Kelly Knudson and colleagues’ willingness to share their then unpublished δ88Sr/86Sr data and methodology with us for inclusion in this chapter. Finally, we thank two anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful comments and suggestions.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral SciencesSanta Rosa Junior CollegeSanta RosaUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA

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