Providing Universal Access to History Textbooks: A Modified GIS Case

  • Dieter Pfoser
  • Alexandros Efentakis
  • Thanasis Hadzilacos
  • Sophia Karagiorgou
  • Giorgos Vasiliou
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5886)


Integrating and accessing structured textual content from various sources is a challenging task and becomes even more so when dealing with multiple languages. The objective of this work is to showcase the technological efforts towards the creation of a digital European history textbook repository that integrates respective textbooks from various countries and publishers. The content integration is achieved by introducing language independent metadata based on space (locations), time (dates), and thematic categories (history gazetteer). Providing adequate interfaces such metadata can be used to provide language-independent access to Multilanguage history textbook content. The specific focus in this work will be on (i) presenting the metadata, (ii) the data management approach including indexing the history textbook content and (iii) the resulting textbook repository including its GIS-based interface allowing for a combination of map, timeline and keyword based search of the history content.


Content integration spatiotemporal indexing Multilanguage content history content 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bacchin, M., Ferro, N., Melucci, M.: A probabilistic model for stemmer generation. Information Processing and Management 41(1), 121–137 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    The Centennia Atlas. Centennia Software,
  3. 3.
    ClearForest. ClearForest Gnosis. Product Web page,
  4. 4.
    Cohen, W.: Minorthird: Methods for Identifying Names and Ontological Relations in Text using Heuristics for Inducing Regularities from Data (2004),
  5. 5.
    Cunningham, H., Maynard, D., Bontcheva, K., Tablan, V.: GATE: A Framework and Graphical Development Environment for Robust NLP Tools and Applications. In: Proc. 40th Anniversary Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2002 (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ESTeam AB: Automatic Translation Solutions. Company Web page,
  7. 7.
    Gamma, E., Helm, R., Johnson, R., Vlissides, J., Design Patterns, J.: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software. Addison-Wesley, Reading (1995)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    GEONet Names Server. Project Web page,
  9. 9.
    Getty Trust, The J. Paul: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names, (Current as of June 2008)
  10. 10.
    Glowacki, D.: CalendarParser, a Java object class,
  11. 11.
    Google Inc.: Google Earth. Product Web page,
  12. 12.
    HyperHistory Online. Project Web page,
  13. 13.
    Metacarta. Product Web page,
  14. 14.
    Ntais, G.: Development of a Stemmer for the Greek Language. Master Thesis, Department of Computer and System Sciences, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden (2006),
  15. 15.
    Ogata, N., Collier, N.: Ontology Express: Statistical and Non-Monotonic Learning of Domain Ontologies from Text. In: Proc. ECAI 2004 Workshop on Ontology Learning and Population (2004)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Popovic, M., Willett, P.: The effectiveness of stemming for natural-language access to Slovene textual data. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 43(5), 384–390 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Porter, M.F.: An algorithm for suffix stripping. Program 14(3), 130–137 (1980)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Porter, M.F.: Snowball: A Language for Stemming Algorithms,
  19. 19.
    SPSS. LexiQuest Mine. Product Web page,
  20. 20.
    Talent S.A.: Cruiser platform. Product home page,
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
    Wikipedia Foundation: Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia,

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dieter Pfoser
    • 1
    • 3
  • Alexandros Efentakis
    • 1
  • Thanasis Hadzilacos
    • 1
    • 4
  • Sophia Karagiorgou
    • 1
  • Giorgos Vasiliou
    • 2
  1. 1.RA Computer Technology InstituteUniversity Campus PatrasRionGreece
  2. 2.Talent SAAthensGreece
  3. 3.Institute for the Management of Information SystemsRC “Athena”AthensGreece
  4. 4.Open University of CyprusNicosiaCyprus

Personalised recommendations