Simple Critical Ultrasound Considering Hemodynamic Therapy: Our Limited Investigation

  • Daniel A. Lichtenstein


The bedside work of the intensivist is to provide adequate oxygen output to tissues in acute circulatory failure. The present chapter was the main reason for launching this new edition. We have taken care to make it as moderate and open as possible to any criticism. We just invite different thinking by introducing some thought processes in a field where no perfect “gold standards” are available. For this, we will propose the consideration of a parameter that can be as debatable as all the other tools, but whose particularity is to assess directly the question of fluid therapy. Evolution of concepts considering hemodynamic therapy in the critically iii Before intensive care units were created (in the 1950s–60s), patients with circulatory failure died. The physicians in charge of these new units did their best, helped only by the central venous pressure (CVP), until the Swan-Ganz catheter was developed in the early 1970s [1].


Central Venous Pressure Fluid Responsiveness Fluid Therapy Limited Investigation Caval Vein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Service de Réanimation MédicaleBoulogne (Paris-Ouest)France

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