Advertisement

Additional Cues Derived from Three Dimensional Image Processing to Aid Customised Reconstruction for Medical Applications

  • Tan Su Tung
  • Alwin Kumar Rathinam
  • Yuwaraj Kumar
  • Zainal Ariff Abdul Rahman
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5857)

Abstract

Three dimensional (3D) image processing and visualisation methods were applied in craniomaxillofacial surgery for preoperative surgical procedures and surgery planning. Each patient differed in their formation of cranium and facial bones, hence requiring customised reconstruction to identify the defect area and to plan procedural steps. This paper explores the processing and visualisation of patients’ data into 3D form, constructed from flat two dimensional (2D) Computed Tomography (CT) images. Depth perception has been useful to identify certain regions of Interest (ROI) elusive in 2D CT slices. We have noted that the 3D models have exemplified the depth perception with the provision of additional cues of perspective, motion, texture and steropsis. This has led to the improvement of treatment design and implementation for patients in this study.

Keywords

3D stereo visualisation virtual reality 3D modelling medical image processing VRC-UM 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    National Electrical Manufacturers Association: Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), PS 3.1-2008 (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rusev, R.: A Module for Visualisation and Analysis of Digital Images in DICOM File Format. In: International Conference on Computer Systems and Technologies, pp. 314–319 (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tomazevic, D., Likar, B., Pernus, F.: Gradient-based registration of 3D MR and 2D X-ray images. In: International Congress Series, Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, vol. 1230, pp. 338–345. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam (2001)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chehimi, F., Coulton, P., Edwards, R.: Evolution of 3D mobile games development. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 12(1), 19–25 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lasseter, J.: Principles of traditional animation applied to 3D computer animation. ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics 21(4), 35–44 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cavazza, M., Simo, A.: A virtual patient based on qualitative simulation. In: The 8th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces, Miami, Florida, pp. 19–25 (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hu, H.H., Gooch, A.A., Thompson, W.B., Smits, B.E., Rieser, J.J., Shirley, P.: Visual cues for imminent object contact in realistic virtual environment. In: Conference on Visualization 2000, pp. 179–185. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cumming, B.G., DeAngelis, G.C.: The physiology of stereopsis. Annual Review of Neuroscience 24, 203–238 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ware, C., Franck, G.: Evaluating stereo and motion cues for visualizing information nets in three dimensions. ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 15(2), 121–140 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lo, C.H., Chalmers, A.: Stereo vision for computer graphics: the effect that stereo vision has on human judgments of visual realism. In: 19th spring conference on Computer graphics, pp. 109–117. ACM, New York (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yoo, T.S., Ackerman, M.J., Lorensen, W.E., Schroeder, W., Chalana, V., Aylward, S., Metaxas, D., Whitaker, R.: Engineering and algorithm design for an image processing Api: a technical report on ITK–the Insight Toolkit. In: Studies in health technology and informatics, pp. 586–592. IOS Press, Amsterdam (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Flack, S.R., McGhee, J.B.: 3-D computer visualisation and animation in clinical care. In: International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, article no. 1. ACM, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Goodman, D.A., Agarwal, N., Tiruchelvam, V., Rhoads, J.E., Tabb, D.R.: 3D CT reconstruction in the surgical management of hepatic injuries. Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England 77, 7–11 (1995)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Aspin, R., Smith, M., Hutchinson, C., Funk, L.: MediVol: An initial study into real-time, interactive 3D visualization of soft tissue pathologies. In: 12th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Distributed Simulation and Real-Time Application, pp. 103–110 (2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tong, J., Dazhe, Z., Wei, L.: Research and Implementation of a Computer-aided Diagnosis Algorithm Platform. In: 2nd IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, ICIEA, pp. 2135–2139 (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lim, D.W.L., Ibrahim, H., Umi, K.N.: Development of Virtual Reality System for Medical Application Using OpenGL. In: IEEE Conference on Innovative Technologies in Intelligent System and Industrial Applications, pp. 44–48 (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Carvalho, E., Marcos, A., Santos, M.Y., Mendes, J.E.: A Prototype for Cartographic Human Body Analysis. In: Computer Graphics and Applications, pp. 16–21. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2008)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Loomis, J.M., Knapp, J.M.: Visual perception of egocentric distance in real and virtual environments. In: Hettinger, L.J., Haas, M.W. (eds.) Virtual and Adaptive Environments, Erlbaum, Mahwah (1999) (in press)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Young, M.J., Landy, M.S., Maloney, L.T.: A Perturbation Analysis of Depth Perception from Combinations of Texture and Motion Cues. Vision Research 33(18), 2685–2696 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Deering, M.F.: Explorations of Display Interfaces for Virtual Reality. In: IEEE Virtual Reality Annual International Symposium 1993, Seattle, WA, pp. 144–147 (1993)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tan Su Tung
    • 1
  • Alwin Kumar Rathinam
    • 1
  • Yuwaraj Kumar
    • 1
  • Zainal Ariff Abdul Rahman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Virtual Reality CentreUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Professor (Head), Department of Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity Malaya Medical Centre, Email:umvrc.research@gmail.comKuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations